Issue of the magazine №2 for 2018
Smirnov A.A., Sakhnyuk P.A.
Neural network implementation of the optimal receiver in a binary communication channels
The article deals with an integrated approach to the implementation of telecommunications elements in the neural network basis. The example of realization of the optimal receiver of binary signals is considered. The main advantage is the combination of two levels of signal reception. The physical and
logical levels of signal detection are combined. This allows full signal information to be used in General for optimal reception. The advantages of neural networks capable of selflearning are used. This allows you to take into account the influence of distortion and noise in the real communication channel. The proposed approach can be used in the implementation of other elements of telecommunications.
Keywords: neural networks, selflearning algorithms, optimal receiver, circuit synthesis, communication channels.
Bazhilov V.A., Balobanov E.S., Ivoylova M.M., Kozlov V.A., Kunilov A.L., Shishkin V.A.
Creation principles and constructive and technology features of the narrowband bandpass microwave filters on the basis of coaxial ceramic resonators
In this overview authors consider the main types of bandpass microwave filters on the basis of coaxial ceramic resonators, their basic characteristics, features of a design and manufacturing techniques.
Keywords: bandpass filter, coaxial ceramic resonator, ceramic materials.
Adder whith 10 transistors
Currently, research aimed at improving energy efficiency is relevant, for this direction the term "Green computing" is used. The "sleep" modes of the equipment are implemented, the voltage and frequency are scaled. In order to reduce energy costs, in some cases it is possible to allow some loss of quality even at the level of arithmetic blocks by using approximate calculations (Approximate computing) with the help of a significantly smaller number of transistors. The article investigates the CMOS scheme of a onebit inaccurate binary full adder containing 8 transistors. It is shown that it gives incorrect results of a binary sum on two sets of variables. It is proposed to refine this scheme by introducing additional two transistors, which ensure accurate calculations. The proposed scheme is simulated.
Keywords: adder, XNOR function, majority function.
Gavrilov V.M., Gluhov R.N., Dement'ev V.K., Labzina E.A.
Computer simulation of attenuation in the radio channel with movable contact points shipborne
Using the "FEKO" , , the calculation of the attenuation in the radio channel with movable contact points shipborne, which: located on identical parallel oriented patrol ships, while at sea in the absence of wave phenomena; equipped with omnidirectional antennas mounted on the mast structures above the radar antenna circular view at the height of 19,7 m above the deck. Simulation is carried out at a frequency of 517,5 MHz and output power of 10 watts.
Keywords: computer modeling, radio channel, mobile and stationary communication point, sea surface, software "FEKO".
Zubarev Yu.B., Samoylov A.G.
Simulation and imitation of radio channels of mobile communication generation 5G
A mathematical description of signal fading in the millimeter frequency range, developed for the 5G mobile communication generation, is considered. It is shown that interference fading of millimeter wave signals can be described by a fourparameter law of probability density distribution. The block diagram of the interference fading simulator in multibeam radio channels and the structure of the simulator of the mobile communication channels of the 5G are proposed.
Keywords: fading, signal reflection, radio channel transfer function, millimeter waves, multipath, radio communication of 5G generation.
Sizonenko A.B., Bulgakov O.M.
Model of linear feedback shift register for implementation on programmable logic device
The problems of constructing and implementing highperformance generators of a pseudorandom sequence on Linear Feedback Shift Register are considered. The architecture of programmable logic devices is analyzed. Algorithm of preparation of initial data for realization of Linear Feedback Shift Register on programmable logic devices is presented. An example of a model of a Linear Feedback Shift Register is presented for implementation on programmable logic devices.
Keywords: cryptographic transformation; Linear Feedback Shift Register; programmable logic devices.
Esipenko V.I., Sukhorebrov V.G.
Analysis of the influence of intersymbol distortion of WiFi signals in the video diagnostics of pipelines
The analysis of the distribution pipeline radiopulse signals WiFi technology with encoding, spread spectrum method direct sequence DSSS (direct sequence spread spectrum) and Barker code DBPSK (differential binary phaseshift keying) modulation. The purpose of the analysis is to assess the possibility of using WiFi equipment for wireless communication channel in the process of CCTV inspection of pipelines to ensure , video diagnostics their internal state. As a model, the pipeline is considered as a circular waveguide having the properties of dispersive, multiwavelength and nonuniform transmission line. The main attention is paid to calculation of the dispersion distortion of WiFi signals, causing intersymbol interference (ISI) and limit the range of the main dimensions of the diagnosed pipeline – diameter and length. It is shown that for the considered option of WiFi technology MSI can have a significant impact on the quality of information signals transmitted through the pipeline of large diameter (800 mm or more) at distances in the pipeline more than one kilometer.
Keywords: pipeline, waveguide, video diagnostics, WiFi technology, intersymbol interference (ISI), dispersion multiwavelength transmission line.
Chye En Un, Shein A.B.
Transient analysis algorithm, neodnodnym described by the differential equation, based on operator method
The algorithm analysis of transient processes in electronic devices, described by inhomogeneous differential equation, based on operator method. The algorithm presented in general form, it can be used for solving the problems of work analysis of various electronic devices. The essence of the algorithm under consideration is, that, on the basis of replacing all derive from a state variable in a mixed differential equation of their course differential counterparts get a generalized formula for calculation of transients in circuits based on operator method. As the example shows the use of the algorithm for transient analysis in power electronics devices.
Keywords: inhomogeneous differential equation, transients, electronic device, operator method.
A comparison of the decoding efficiency of a soft and hard detector solution
using the convolutional code
Currently, convolutional codes are widely used in various systems of digital data transmission. When taking messages encoded convolutional code to decode use a variety of algorithms working with both hard and soft decision demodulator. Decoding algorithms soft decision demodulator require large computational costs, but they reduce the probability of errors in the decoded message.
Keywords: error correction code, convolutional code, hard decision, soft decision.
Issue of the magazine №1 for 2018
Makushina N.V., Sergeyev M.D.
The analysis of defects of the metallized openings of printed circuit boards
Work is devoted to the analysis of methods and means on a research of the metallized openings of printed circuit boards. Recommendations about the organization of operations of defectoscopy of printed circuit boards about mikroshlif are provided. The technique of the automated processing of results of
defectoscopy of printed circuit boards is in detail considered.
Keywords: printed circuit boards, defectoscopy, mikroshlif, the metallized openings, the automated systems.
Golovinov E.E., Aminev D.A., Bakirov Sh.M., Bondin G.I.
Algorithm of functioning of mobile measuring agrometeocomplex
The technology of meteorological measurements in the field is considered, providing for the use of a software and hardware complex for conducting field measurements, telemetry facilities for data transmission to a remote terminal, and
algorithms for processing the data. The analysis of existing meteorological complexes created on its basis is carried out. The architecture of the hardware and software parts of the agrometeorological complex is proposed, the main element of which is a microcontroller, to which sensors, transmitting and navigation modules are connected. An algorithm for the functioning of an agrometeo complex implemented in a microcontroller is proposed.
Keywords: agrometeorological complex, weather station, radio channel, element base, microcircuit, sensor, algorithm, automated system, software, hardware, microcontroller.
Babanov N.Y., Korsakov S.S., Lartsov S.V., Nikolaev A.V., Samarin V.P.
About calculation of amplitude characteristic of biconical nonlinear scatterer, connected to semiconductor diode
The amplitude characteristic is calculated for nonlinear scatterer presented in the form of biconical antenna, connected to semiconductor diode. The calculations are presented in the form of process model, wherein the amplitude characteristic is
shown as ratio of probing signal wave intencity versus wave intencity of signal scattered on a frequency
of nonlinear probing signal product. The calculation method set for above is oriented on software package using, which allows applying accurate models of nonlinear elements taking into account peculiarities of interaction process between antenna and nonlinear element during probing signal receiving.
Keywords: biconical antenna, nonlinear scatterer, semiconductor diode, process model, model analysis, amplitude charachteristics.
Volkov A.A., Morozov M.S.
Improving efficiency of radio communication systems
Effectiveness of radiocommunication systems are formulated on the basis of Shannon's formula for the capacity of a continuous channel, but not all criteria have an analytic between themselves. This article addresses this shortcoming and suggests new ways to improve the effectiveness of radio communication systems.
Keywords: efficiency, radio communication, criteria of efficiency, absolute FMN for 180° without reverse operation.
Polushin P.A., Belov A.D., Rajabov U.M., Beliakov A.V.
Suppression of intersymbol interference by means of logical predistortion of digital signals
Algorithm of supression of intersymbol interference of digital signals caused by multipath propagation is described in the article. Algorithm is based on carring logical distortions in transmitted signal to compensate interferences.
Keywords: intersymbol interference, predistortion, immunity to interferences, digital signals.
Zhuravleva L.M., Ivashevskiy M.R., Kurjancev D.G., Loshkarev V.L.
Improving the quality of signals for intelligent video surveillance
The article describes the main factors influencing the quality of digital signal transmission systems in intelligent video surveillance systems (VSS). Noted that a significant impact on the correctness of the video signals transmission and the amount of false detections have distortion and noise, introduced by the photosensors (PS) and photodetectors (PD). To assess this impact the article presents a detailed calculation model of PS given total error δ2ф с and PD abnormal error δ2 ан. The proposed method of reducing magnitudes of errors: isotopic purification of functional materials for optoelectronics. The improvement of photoelectric characteristics of PS and PD will improve video quality and enhance the probability of correct detection.
Keywords: video surveillance, optoelectronics, photodetector, pixel, probability density function, quantization, isotopic purification, recognition error, image noise.
Bazhenov Yu.V., Kalenov V.P.
Providing reliable work of electronic engine control systems
The results of studies on the reliability of electronic engine control systems and the assessment of the effect of failures of their structural elements on its technical and economic characteristics are presented. The complex of diagnostic parameters that evaluate the technical state of the system and their normative values is substantiated. Analytical equations describing the patterns of change in the diagnostic parameters by the operating time are determined. The optimal development of nonrenewable elements of electronic engine control systems prior to replacement is substantiated. Approbation of the research results is shown on the example of electronic systems 1.6 VTi Tiptronic (88 kW) and 1.6 THP Turbo Tiptronic (110 kW) Peugeot cars.
Keywords: electronic control system, diagnostic parameter, failure, sensor, operating time.
Sedyshev Eh.Yu., Seliverstov L.A.
Microwave filter on the ring elliptical resonator
The article is devoted to elliptic resonators and devices based on them. A new parametric implementation of microwave frequency selection devices in the form of volumetric integrated circuits is proposed. The method of calculation of devices and its physical realization, as well as the results of prototyping and measurements are presented.
Keywords: elliptic resonators, ring resonators, planar resonators, microwaves, radio filters, frequency selection, frequency stabilization.
Issue of the magazine №4 for 2017
Alekseev V.A., Khodjaev V.D., Bugrov E.V., Egorov R.V., Marin V.P.
Improvement of constructive and technological solutions for powerful onboard transceiver modules with integrated phasetransitional heataccumulating materials
The present work is dedicated to projecting uptodate constructions of transceiver modules of repeated shortterm action with long period of active existence with extra powerful energy consumption during communication sessions, dedicated predominantly for spacecraft usage.
Keywords: heataccumulators, onboard modules, energy consumption, fazoperekhodny materials, radio products.
Lebedev A.S., Rezchikova E.V.
Strategy of designing the operations of technical control in the technology of surface mounting
This paper focuses on the development of strategies for the design of operations of technical control in surface mount technology. Focuses on the consideration of the stages of development of technical control operations and tasks at each stage. Recommendations on the use of cognitive research methods to minimize the percentage of scrap in the enterprise. Briefly the methods of selection of sites for
implementation of operations technical control in the process, as well as typical kind of technical route control. In the article the peculiarities of organization of control operations, depending on production volumes. The study considered three key processes for surface mounting and three main methods of quality control in surface mounting, analyzed the application of the previously discussed strategies for the design of operations of technical control taking into account the specifics of the surface mounting technology.
Keywords: a technological process TP, quality control department technical control, input control, operational control, acceptance inspection, technical route control, surface mounting, quality control methods, AOI, AXI, ICT, cognitive research methods, and subversive analysis, streaming analysis.
Sadkov V.D., Fomina K.S.
The film absorbing element with lines of borders in the look equilateral hyperbolas
The topology of the absorbing elements on the basis of a uniform resistive film providing smaller values of a potential gradient and more uniform distribution of a current density in the field of the input pin in comparison with the known topology is offered. Boundaries of the considered topology are the equilateral hyperbolas, which coincide with lines of current in the traditional rectangular absorbing elements. The method of calculation of AE and a technique of laser correction of their parameters is given.
Keywords: resistive film absorbing elements, fixed attenuators.
Grishko A.K., Goryachev N.V., Yurkov N.K.
Construction of effective system of radioelectronic means based on the analysis of the semumarkov model of electromagnetic compatibility support
The article studies the processes of the functioning of the radio electronic system, consisting of many different radioelectronic means, which are subjected to unintentional and deliberate interference during operation. The subject of the study are models for ensuring the electromagnetic compatibility of a set of radioelectronic facilities. The aim of the work is to select the optimal work plan for a variety of different radioelectronic systems and facilities in order to increase the efficiency of their joint functioning by adjusting the parameters of the emissions. For this purpose, the application of a probabilistic approach to the analysis of the dynamics of states of the model of the functioning of radioelectronic facilities based on the theory of semiMarkov processes is proposed. As a result of this approach, models were obtained for calculating and analyzing the efficiency of the functioning of radioelectronic facilities, differing in systemic account of all the factors affecting their joint work and the reliability of formalization of the description of the process. On the basis of the proposed models, it is possible to carry out optimal planning of the frequency resource in order to reduce the level of interference for radioelectronic facilities, and this means to form an effective radio electronic system equipped with various types of radioelectronic means. The proposed models allow not only to analyze the effectiveness of the functioning of the system of radioelectronic facilities, but also to solve inverse problems to improve their security to the required level.
Keywords: radio engineering system, radio electronic means, interference, electromagnetic compatibility.
Fault tolerant D latch
Currently, the design of electronic equipment on programmable logic integrated circuits (FPGA) is actively developing. Modern FPGAs contain billions of transistors and tens of millions of logic elements. FPGA (fieldprogrammable gate array) uses configurable logic elements CLE containing the socalled LUT (Look Up Table) and a synchronous flipflop of D type. But logic takes up a smaller part of the FPGA than memory. The configuration memory is an SR flipflop of SRAM static RAM cells. Recently, the development of FPGA for critical applications, for example, for radiationhardened equipment, is being used, for which redundancy is used. Previously, faulttolerant LUTs and SRAM cells were proposed. The article investigates the peculiarities of the D Latch and suggests fault tolerant solutions.
Keywords: FlipFlop,Simulation, NOT Gate, D Latch.
The effectiveness of application of block and convolutional codes to encode a short information message
Errorcorrection coding is applied in the vast majority of digital systems of transmission and storage.Coded as continuous data streams and information messages of different sizes. The article deals with the causes of energy loss during encoding the short information message block and convolutional codes.
Keywords: error correction code, convolutional code, block codes, short information message.
Characteristics of signals by their type, absolute value, absolute and relative levels
Specific features of the use of absolute values of the estimated value, absolute and relative levels with characteristics of the notations introduced for them are determined. At the same time, the main emphasis is placed on communication systems and their electrical signals.
Keywords: signal, power, voltage, current, absolute value, relative and absolute level.
Nazarov S.V., Tamm Yu.A., Karpenko V.A.
Cost estimation of television content
The method of the cost estimation of TV content for Telecom operator, designed to get rid of the subjectivity in its mutual settlement with the content provider was described. The method is based on the analysis of viewership levels of the channels
obtained by the operator and based on the known statistical data for relevant region. The calculations also was taken into account the coefficient reflecting the influence rooms "buttons" of remote control on the level of viewership of the channel. The analysis illustrated up by concrete calculation example.
Keywords: estimation methods, cost estimations, television content, TV channels,
Chye En Un, Shein A.B.
Methods of conversion of systems of differential equations of first order to
the inhomogeneous differential equations in tasks of simulation of electrotechnical and electronic devices
Discusses how to align systems of first order differential equations in terms of equivalent descriptions of electromagnetic processes inhomogeneous equations. While the proposed methods differ from the known speed of moving from systems of differential equations of the first order to inhomogeneous equations, because this transition lies direct transformation of systems of equations, which is limited to the proper filling coefficients casting.
Keywords: conversion, system of differential equations of first order, inhomogeneous differential equation, ways to bring, electronic devices.
Issue of the magazine №3 for 2017
System of speech signal processing on the basis of modernizing the direct
The article considers the substantiation of using the speech signal processing system on the basis of modernizing the direct linear prediction method. It is shown that at the limited order of forming model, the parameters of the synthesizing filter and the excitation signals corresponding to them become interdependent. The given fact is used for reducing the spaces capacity of speech signal decomposition elements at their cluster representation on the basis of the linear prediction method.
Keywords: low bit rate of a speech signal, speech coding, the linear prediction, the synthesizing filter.
Zhuravleva L.M., Ivashevskiy M.R., Efimova N.O., Jackivskij N.V.
Assessment of the quality of signal transmission of intelligent video surveillance systems
The article proposes a generalized model for assessing the quality of digital signal transmissions in intelligent video surveillance systems (VSS).Gives a brief description of the individual components of given total error δε 2. Noted that the main source of noise are the image sensor and the communication line. To reduce the given total error δε 2 and increase the efficiency of threat detection it is necessary to improve the technology of creating new functional materials for optoelectronics, algorithms for recognizing video content analytics (VCA).
Keywords: video surveillance (CCTV), Video content analytics (VCA), photosensor, pixel, image
noise, recognition error, optoelectronics, interpolation, probability of error.
Kolganov A.A., Kudryavtsev D.Yu.
Application of combinatorial optimization methods for optimal choice of the component base of the technical system
The problem of choice of element base in design of complex technical systems considering the requirements and restrictions is reviewed. The problem of conditional multicriteria optimization in "naive" form and its scalarization are given. The algorithm of solution is built and the limits of its applicability are evaluated.
Keywords: design, technical systems, combinatorial optimization, the optimal choice, element base.
Taking into account deviations of constructivetechnological and physical parameters of elements of microwave devices at their designing and fabrication
The generalized technique of the account of spreads of parameters of making elements of themicrowave devices, used is offered at designing, working out of technologies and manufacturing of devices. Example of usingthe present technique for designing of the bandpass filters constructed on the basis of coaxial ceramic resonators is presented.
Keywords: spread, system engineering, constructivetechnological,technical characteristics, microwave components.
Samoylov А.G., Samoylov S.A.
Development of the complex of simulation of multipath radio channels
Special measuring complexes are necessary for debugging and tests of the developed means of a radio communication. In article the skeleton diagram of such complex and the recommendation about its creation is offered.
Keywords: simulator of radio channels, multipath distribution, fadings, mobile radio communication,
noises, distortions of signals.
Golovinov E.E., Aminev D.A., Bakirov Sh.M.
Analysis of element base for implementation of autonomous measuring agrometeorological complex
The technology of a portable weather station is considered. The scheme of a weather station is proposed. The structure of the meteorological station, which is being installed on the investigated terrain, is disclosed. The selection and analysis of the elemental base for its implementation has been carried out. Recommendations on the selection criteria have been formulated and lists of electronic components for the implementation of the weather station have been compiled.The values of the volume of electronic components and microcircuits are calculated when placed on the module's printed unit, the average power consumed by them. Estimated the estimated cost of components in the market. The components with the smallest dimensions and power consumption are identified.
Keywords: weather station, radio channel, element base, microcircuit, sensor.
Zvyagin M.Yu., Golubev A.S., Lokhanov A.V., Vasil'chenkova D.G.
Investigation of distorted images by texture analysis aids
The article describes some texture analysis tools for digital images and discusses their application for investigation of various optical distortions. An experimental comparison of these tools is considered versus adhoc aids using the example of a human face recognition algorithm. The work was carried out in the context of the state target in sciences VlGU No. GB1106/17.
Keywords: texture analysis, optical deformation, image comparison.
Nazarov S.V., Tamm Yu.A., Karpenko V.A.
The effect of influence the level of viewership of the rooms buttons of the remote control of TV programs
The level of viewership of a TV channel is largely determined by the number buttons on the remote control was shown. This is due to the habit of many users to start the channel selection with the first button and consistently move further in the direction of increasing numbers, stopping at their favorites programs.The method of determination dependence the level of viewership of TV channels from the value
numeric of buttons was described. Simplified variant of implementation of the method was considered.Ways of using obtained dependence for the cost estimation the best offer "buttons" for the mutual settlement between network operator and content provider of TV programs were shown.
Keywords: cable television, content, telecast, radio channels.
Kalyuzhny A.A., Pozdnyakov A.D., Pozdnyakov V.A.
The reconstruction of periodical signal with asynchronous gating in virtual oscilloscope
The method of reconstruction the array of acquired data of periodical signal in virtual oscilloscope is under concern. This method based on asynchronous stroboscopic analog to digital conversion. The array of acquired data is reordered according to index recalculation formula. The value of sampling frequency should provide integer number of samples in a period of the reconstructed signal. The results are given in the form of charts and tables that illustrates reordering process.
Keywords: periodical signal, reconstruction, stroboscopic, analog to digital conversion, virtual oscilloscope, asynchronous gating.
Issue of the magazine №2 for 2017
Platyonkin A.V., Chernyshov V.N., Shahnov V.A.
SYNTHESIS OF NANOSIZED ZIRCONIUM DIOXIDE TO CREATEPORTABLE POWER SOURCES
Reviewed by plasma-chemical method ofobtaining nano-sized Zirconiaand its use in the production of solid oxide fuel cells used as power sources of portable electronicdevices and hybrid microcircuits.
Keywords: power supply, zirconium dioxide, visualization of data, the nanoscale material, portablebatteries.
Spiridonov J.S.,Tamm Y.A.,Bukh-Viner N.F.
APPLYING OF COEFFICIENT OF A CURVATURE OF FIBER-OPTICALLINES OF TELECOMMUNICATION NETWORKS OF THEMEGALOPOLIS
The article presents new data on the coefficient of a curvature of fiber-optical lines of network (η),which reflects the ratio ofreal lengths ofthe connection lines and the same line held straight for Moscowand the Moscow region. The data was gained on the basis of large statistical material on the basis oftopological characteristics oflarge Moscow telecommunication networks AKADO.
Keywords: fiber-optic lines, telecommunication networks, curvature factor.
Muraviev K.A., Terekhov V.V.
METHODS OF MANAGEMENT OF THE NETWORK TRAFFIC OF THEHETEROGENEOUS DISTRIBUTED TELECOMMUNICATION SYSTEMS
Work is devoted to methods and controls a network traffic of the heterogeneous distributedinformation systems. On analysis results ofa cut ofa traffic the mathematical model ofimplementationofmanagement ofthe telecommunication system "from top to down" is offered. The concept ofsale ofthemodule of intellectual management on the basis of architecture "agent manager" is briefly described.Testing of the proposed solution is held, on the basis of handling of statistical data on a traffic andfractal characteristics ofa traffic (all data flows in the direction ofthe Cisco 3600 router were classifiedas external traffic, flows in a subnet — as a local traffic) characteristics when which using it is possibleto create adaptive algorithms of statistical management and forecasting are determined. Use ofproperties ofself-similarity ofautocorrelated function ofa traffic provides achievement ofhigh level ofscalability ofthe forecast, and it gives the chance to receive estimates for a broad range oftime frames,based on results ofmeasurement ofa limited data set.
Keywords: traffic control, self-similarity ofa traffic, architecture "agent manager".
Dorokhov S.P., Kozlov V.A., Salov A.S.
MULTICHANNEL SAW RDL DESIGN OPTIMIZATION
The work presents surface acoustic wave (SAW) diffraction influenceupon multi-channel reflective delay line (RDL) topology, evaluation of SAWdeviation from pure mode direction when the piezoelectric substrate orientation angle is changed. Thereare also presented mathematical simulation results of the data signal generated by multi-channel RDLand the possibility to realize in practice multi-channel RDL where re-reflection effect is reduced andsignal-to-noise ratio is improved.
Keywords: multi-channel reflective delay line, surface acoustic wave, diffraction, piezoelectricsubstrate.
Davidenko A.N., Davidenko P.N.
VIRTUAL INSTRUMENT TEST DIGITAL LOAD CELLS WEIGHINGSYSTEMS
The article discusses the test procedure ofdigital load cells based on the virtual device. Operation ofweighing systems (cs) with digital load cells (CTD), in the process of operation implies the need forvalidation of CTD for compliance with basic technical parameters, and identification of defects,deviations in case ofrefusal ofthe armed forces.Test procedure CTD railroad, dosing ofthe armed forces is carried out by dismantling and check ofCTD CTD in the laboratory, which is a very time-consuming and costly . Verification ofCTD VS CTDwhen using in the control loop to the number of32 > N > 2, without dismantling is an urgent task.
Keywords: calibration, digital strain gage misalignment loading, weighing system, virtualinstrument, resolution.
"ON LINE" REGISTRATION OF NEUTRON RADIATION USINGBIPOLAR TRANSISTORS
The article substantiates the possibility of using bipolar transistors as neutron radiation monitors.The considered variants ofelectric schemes oftheir connections and practical implementation ofdevicesbased on STM32 microcontroller to measure the gain ofbipolar transistors. The proposed scheme andconstructive solutions allow enhancing research in the mode of"on-line" measurements.
Keywords: transistors, neutron radiation, radiation defects, neutron radiation monitors.
Polushin P.A., Radzhabov U.M., Belyakov A.V.
ТHE METHOD FOR ADAPTING THE CONVOLUTIONAL CODINGWITH SPATIAL DIVERSITY
Method ofparameter adaptation ofconvolutional encoding by means ofspace diversion and divided transmitted signal power control is described in the article. Method givesopportunity to raise correction ability ofcode. Effectiveness ofthe method improves by means oftwo-way telecommunication lines.
Keywords: convolutional coding, space diversion, adaptation.
Orlov I.Ya., Fitasov E.S., Bobrinin A.Yu., Bobrinin D.Yu.
OMPARATIVE ESTIMATION OF EFFICIENCY OF PROTECTION OFMODULAR RADIOMETER BY THE METHOD OF BLANKING ANDADAPTIVE CONTROL UNDER INFLUENCE OF FLOW OF IMPULSEINTERFERENCE
There are examined the method for adaptation modulational radiometer and the methods withblanking under a priori uncertainty ofthe temporal distribution ofpulsed noise in programming MatLabenvironment. Had made comparative estimate ofthe radiometer with adaptive controlling offrequencyand the radiometer with blanking.
Keywords: modulational radiometer, pulsed noise, blanking, adaptation, controlling.
Esipenko V.I.,Bogomolova L.Yu.
AN EXPERIMENTAL ESTIMATE OF THE NOISE IMMUNITY OF ACOMMUNICATION SYSTEM WITH DFM IN THE PRESENCE OFCONCENTRATED INTERFERENCE IN A CHANNEL WITH AFREQUENCY MULTIPLICATION OF 4 TIMES IN A DEMODULATOR
Theoretical and experimental evaluation of noise communication systems with discrete frequencyshift keying (DCM) in the presence of the communication channel Gaussian noise and focused on thespectrum of the interference. It is shown that the use of each subchannel non-linear processing of themixture, followed by narrow-band filtering and detection of fourfold greater subcarriers frequenciescan improve the immunity receive useful signals.
Keywords: frequency shift keying, reception, Gaussian noise, centered on the spectrum of theinterference, nonlinear processing, narrowband filtering, detection of fourfold greater subcarriers,assessment ofnoise immunity.
PROCESSING THE OUTPUT SIGNAL OF THE DISTRIBUTEDMECHANOLUMINESCENT SENSORS PULSE PRESSURE
The article describes the automatic image processing of output signals distributedmechanoluminescent sensors pulse pressure. Describes the processing program, the results of themeasurements and assesses the accuracy ofthe theoretical research.
Keywords: mechanoluminescence, distributed sensors, image processing.
Issue of the magazine №1 for 2017
Ambiguity of defining the inhomogeneous dielectric layer refractive index profile by electromagnetic power reflection spectrum
The problem of reconstruction of inhomogeneous dielectric medium refractive index profile n(z) by reflection coefficient frequency dependence r(0) is under consideration. For this purpose the exact analytical inverse solutions ofelectromagnetic reflection being obtained for reflection coefficients in the form of fractional rational function ,  are applied. The problem of unambiguity of reconstruction by power reflection coefficient is treated at length. Here the alternate versions ofpossible ambiguity are specified. It turns out that in the general case four different profiles n(z) shall correspond to one electromagnetic power reflection spectrum.
Keywords: reconstruction, dielectric medium refractive index, power reflection coefficient,
Mathematical analysis of the interference to calculate the satellite network link budget when using the suppression of the broadband signal from the hub station
This article discusses topics of reuse frequencies for satellite systems with polarization suppression. Mathematical analysis of the interference of the broad band signal and the remote stations. Available results of theoretical and practical tests. In conclusion, given the recommended settings for the satellite network with frequency reuse and polarization seal.
Keywords: VSATnetworking, double talk equipment, interferration ofthe agregated signal.
To the question of increase of the effectiveness of protection system against impulse interference using the estimation of quantiles of the statistical process distribution
The article is devoted to the improvement ofsystem ofprotection against impulse interference. As an evaluation of the adaptive threshold limit the sample median is used. The proposed method guarantees the absence oflosses or minimum level in the detection ofweak signals.
Keywords: mpulse noise, adaptive threshold, order statistics, inverse distribution, signals with linearfrequency modulation.
Azizov R.F. , Aminev D.A. , Bakirov Sh.M.
Methodic of designing radio module for wireless decentralized network
We consider a decentralized network and the principles of its functioning. The problem of designing radios for wireless networks, the most frequently observed requirements to them. Proposed engineering methodic that allows to design a radio for the given network structure, frequency and transmission power, and transceiver parameters such as power consumption, size and so on. IDEF0 diagram ofmethodic with the disclosure of the design features of the hardware and software of the radio module is presented. Recommendations on the selection of the antenna and radio module functional software integration is disclosed.
Keywords: design methodic, transceiver, data transmission, wireless telecommunications,
Arkhipkin A.V. , Gavrilov V.M. , Glukhov R.N. ,Dementiev V.K. , Smirnov D.S.
Simulation of electromagnetic field on radiopath with copse
With the help of «FEKO» ,  simulated distribution of the electromagnetic field generated on the radiopath with copses of trees mixed breeds, fixed-located contact point. The calculation of the output power receiving antenna mobile point ofcontact when driving on the road for the woods.
Keywords: simulation of electromagnetic field, radiopath with copse, mobile and fixed communication point.
Diagnostic procedure for linear block codes obtained using the generator matrix
Investigated and considered diagnostic algorithm obtained linear block codes using the generator matrix. To determine its strengths and weaknesses. We consider the impact of noise on the described diagnostic algorithm.
Keywords: convolutional encoding, interferernce immunity of communication, “search” polynomials, generational polynomials.
Bugrov V.N. , Makarova J.M.
Search design of active anti-aliasing filters
Design of active filters using nonlinear mathematical optimization is considered. The examples ofdiscrete design of active anti-aliasing elliptic filters for digital underwater path are given. Analysis ofthe filter characteristics in both time and frequency domains is carried out.
Keywords: aliasing, active filter, operational amplifier, macromodel, mathematical optimization,
Interference-coding in avionics
Voice communication systems are used when an air traffic controller/pilot needs to pass command signals to confirm or pay attention the received message. The majority ofaccidents occur due to actions by operational personnel. So, activities of the air traffic controllers and pilots is directly related to the flight safety and efficiency ofairlift.
Aeronautical radio communication is the most important communication type, because it is the only possibility contact between controllers and pilots. Aeronautical radio communication must perform the main functions, such as: regular (constant) voice communication in all phases of flight and determined level ofquality. Air Traffic Management (ATM) operates in a large amount ofdata processing and transmission. The radio frequency spectrum is important natural resource, which has limited capacity and the need for this is increasing. Using of classical analog techniques for voice communications accelerates the time of spectrum saturation. Using of modern digital solutions for speech coding - vocoder - may reduce the necessary transmission bandwidth and to improve the communication quality.
Keywords: error correction code, avionics, voice communication.
The device for measuring the accumulated dose using P-channel MOSFETs from the CMOS chips
The goal ofthis paper is to propose the basis ofp-channel MOSFETs within digital CMOS ICs using as a total dose detector. This paper also discusses the opportunity of range widening for impact to be detected by the total dose detectors. The schematic diagram and practical realization ofthe device based on microcontroller STM32 are shown. Finally, the device prototype was irradiated at GU 200 facility (RISI, Moscow, Russia) and the result was a total dose detector set of calibration curves for further calculations.
Keywords: gamma radiation, radiation dose sensor, MOS transistors, microcontroller.
Brostilov S.A. , Goryachev N.V. , Pivkin A.V., Telegin A.M. , Trusov V.A.
The informationmeasuring system for tests of a components of a radioelectronic airborne equipment
To improve the efficiency of test for determining dynamic characteristics of the structure of printed circuit assemblies electronic means developed a new information-measuring and operating system. The description of the design and operation of information-measuring and control system. Structural diagram and experimental study of the effectiveness of the system. In experimental studies revealed that at similar frequency in-phase and anti-phase excitation gives the different form ofoscillation ofthe printed circuit Board.
Keywords: information-measuring system, amplitude, frequency, electronic, mechanical impact, dynamic characteristics.
Issue of the magazine №4 for 2015
STANDARDIZATION OF METHODS FOR CALCULATING THE PARAMETERS OF MULTILAYER PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARDS
The main stages of standardization calculations of basic geometric parameters (BGP) of multilayer printed board (MPB) are described. A comparison of methods for calculating lands powered by domestic standards of different years of release is presented. Lagging behind works in the field of standardization technological calculations BGP of MPB errors are noted.
Keywords: annular ring, accuracy, land, multilayer printed board, standardization
Gavrilov V.M., Gluhov R.N., Dement'ev V.K., Nikolashkin D.G.
СALCULATION OF THE ATTENUATION IN A CLOSED LINE WITH A PASSIVE TRANSPONDER
The paper is devoted to computer modeling of the energy parameters of the link between the transceivers complexes located in mountainous terrain at coordinates Biryulya (Latitude: 51,773472, Longitude: 86,053667), Middle Saydys (Latitude: 51,763750, Longitude: 86,150417).
Keywords: calculation of the electromagnetic field, FEKO.
Chie En Un, Shein A.B.
METHOD MODELING OF TRANSIENT PROCESSES IN THE ELECTRONIC DEVICE
A method of simulating the operation of electronic devices in the transitional regime on the basis of the Taylor series. The method allows to perform calculations of transients in electronic devices with any desired degree of accuracy, operating only in the order of the equations for arbitrary or permanent effects on the input device. The method is quite simple, lucid and easily programmable.
Keywords: transients, differential equations, Taylor series, electronic device.
METHOD OF ANALYTICAL DECISION OF TASK OF ESTIMATION OF EFFICIENCY OF SYSTEMS OF INFORMATIVE SAFETY
The method of the analytical solution of a problem of an assessment of efficiency of application of information security systems for providing with the maximum efficiency of conflict interaction of organizational and technical systems is offered. The method is based on methods of research of operations and dynamic programming.
Keywords: organizationallytechnical system, conflict cooperation, system of informative safety, index, efficiency, method, design.
Dovbnya V.G., Sevryukov A.E.
INFLUENCE OF QUALITY OF PERFORMANCE OF CLOCK SYNCHRONIZATION SYSTEM ON THE NOISE IMMUNITY OF RECEPTION QAM SIGNALS
The paper presents the developed analytical model and the graphical dependences, which allow to estimate the influence of static and dynamic errors of performance of the clock synchronization system on the noise immunity of reception multipositional QAM signals in the Nyquist channel.
Keywords: static and dynamic errors of performance, clock synchronization system, noise immunity, quadrature amplitude onoff modulation.
Davydov N.N., Nikitin O.R., Davydov Nt.N., Gulin A.S.
ANALYSIS AND DEVELOPMENT OF INTEGRATED OPTOELECTRONIC DEVICES STRUCTURES OF MEANS OF TELECOMMUNICATION
Primary sources of basic methods of constructing integrated optoelectronic devices of telecommunications are considered. The prospects of using the methods of information signals transmission in the interior integrated local networks as a stream of photons are presented. Structure and laser radiation technology of hybrid optoelectronic integrated functional units included in the means of security status monitoring of the objects are proposed.
Keywords: telecommunications, information signals, stability of functioning, integrated optoelectronic devices, structure, manufacturing technology.
THE PROGRAM ANALYTICAL COMPLEX IN THE QUESTION OF DETECTION OF THE TIDE PROCESSES IN THE ELECTRICAL FIELD OF THE EARTH ATMOSPHERE BOUNDARY LEVEL
The block scheme diagram of program analytic complex for the allocation of the moon tides in the electrical field of the boundary level of Earth is designed. The results of the allocation in the structure of the electrical field of the boundary level of Earth with the help of the eigen vectors and eigen components analyzer are reviewed. The upper estimation of the probability of false alarm in the detection of the variation caused by moon tides influence is done.
Keywords: electrical field, moon tides, eigen vectors method, probability of false alarm.
Tyurin S.F., Kamenskih A.N.
THE CELL OF FAULTTOLERANT UNCOMMITTED LOGIC ARRAY WITH RESERVATION AT TRANSISTORLEVEL
The development of VLSI designing with use of an uncommitted logic array (ULA) is very important for domestic electronic industry. The standard cell use four CMOS transistors. The redundant structures is need for designing of high reliable, faulttolerant, radiationtolerant electronic components. Triplication is often uses for this task, the three channels of discrete circuit is connected with special major gate which implement choice function (for example 2of3, ≥2). The nofm redundancy is commonly used in critical computing systems with passive faulttolerance. It is known that such redundant structures provides advantages for reliability not for all time range. The authors proposed another technique using redundant transistor structures for faulttolerant computing systems as an alternative to nofm redundancy. In the beginning this structures was considered as functionally complete tolerant gate (FCT) that save functions or functional completeness in case of failure. Further the technique for redundant transistor networks was developed. However, the research into the synthesis of redundant cells for ULA was not done yet. In this paper, the development of redundant cell for ULA is presented and the reliability of these cells are analyzed.
Keywords: transistor, logic functions, gate array, redundancy, functional complete tolerant element, failure resistance, triple redundancy, quadrupling, redundant cell gate array.
THE GENERATOR OF A STABLE VOLTAGE
Stability of output tension of the generator of a sinusoidal form, due to introduction of the additional diode and an exception of a resistive divider of a source of basic tension is increased. Operating modes of the generator are considered. Recommendations about a choice of coefficients of strengthening of functional knots are made.
Keywords: generator of a sinusoidal form, stabilization of amplitude
PC TECHNOLOGIES OF VIRTUAL INSTRUMENTS IN TASKS OF EDUCATION
The virtual measuring systems (VMS), software and interfaces are under concern. PC virtual instruments laboratory for education was created of Vladimir State University. The virtual systems conduct the necessary measuring, analyzes acquired data, and stores test results for later use. Hardware consist external and internal transducers, ADC (AnalogtoDigital Converter), DAC (Digitaltoanalog Converter) and PC. Modified sound card is costeffective internal converter, which can be used in many educational applications. Most of typical education tasks can be solved with VMS quickly and with additional programming. Number of modules analysis provides users with needed computation. The formula module provides process mathematical operations and analysis, including the FFT. The display module provides easytouse the graphical interface. A hardware and system level software environment is created on PC and Windows operating systems.
Keywords: virtual instruments, software, interface, education
Issue of the magazine №3 for 2015
Samoilov A.G., Samoilov S.A.
ADAPTIVE PROGRAM IN DIGITAL TELEMETRY SYSTEMS
The telemetry systems having protecting against interference and fading codecs, the amount ofinformation transmitted during a communication session may vary considerably. Therefore, part of the sessions of the communication the system work with unnecessarily high redundancy, which negatively affects on the energy efficiency ofthe system and increases the period of messages delivery. The article suggests the principle of adaptive software codecs and the device realizing it, which both ofthem, avoid telemetry systems from such deficiencies.
Keywords: FEC codecs, telemetry systems, redundancy, digital information, initialization, decoding.
Tatarchuk I.A.,Shavrin S.S.
DIRECT NARROW-BAND GAUSSIAN FREQUENCY SHIFT KEYING SIGNALS DIGITAL SYNTHESIS
Compact and low processing gain narrow-band Gaussian frequency shift keying (GFSK) signal forming method is being proposed based on direct digital synthesis principles. This method provides high precision frequency modulated signals generation with high spurious-free dynamic range. GFSK modulator structure, block diagram and design procedure according to the method proposed are presented. The modulation curve matrix is stored in the form of consequential equivalent (due to quantization) amplitude samples table; its compression mechanism and algorithm are proposed, based on their quantitative factor. For the eight bit per sample signal the modulation curve matrix compression table and the memory access algorithm are designed. The main simulation results carried out for the method proposed are presented – power spectrum density and nonlinear components level. For example, the method provides 6 dB lower nonlinear components level as compared with quantization noise and 10 dB lower as compared with traditional DDS generator on eight bit per sample signal. For sixteen bit per sample signal the nonlinear components level provided is 98 dB lower as compared with the carrier level.
Keywords: GFSK, low processing gain, DDS, Gaussian filter, frequency modulation.
Irxin V.P., Melnik V.A., Kuzmenko R.V., Dushkin A.V.
FEATURES OF PERFORMANCE A NON-MODULAR OPERATIONS IN THE RESIDUAL CLASS SYSTEM THE SPECIAL MICROCONTROLLERS IN TELECOMMUNICATION NETWORKS
Data parallelism in modular arithmetic is a prospect for the creation of high-performance and reliable systems for data transmission and switching facilities. Non-modular operations thus have high complexity, which are inevitably present in the processing of information of modern computer networks. The analysis ofa number ofnon-modular algorithms procedures allowed to meet their improvement carried to its technical solutions.
Keywords: modular number system, non-modular operation, the device comparison.
Chie En. Un., Shein A.B.
POLYNOMIAL APPROXIMATION EQUATIONS OF STATE OF THE ELECTRONIC DEVICE
Describes a method for solving the equations of state electronic devices, based on the idea of approximating trajectories of the state variables a system of differential equations of the first order. Accuracy of the solution of equations of state determined by the order of the polynomial. We obtain formulas for the solution ofthe original equations to approximate the trajectories ofthe state variables polynomials up to the third order.
Keywords: the equation of state, the electronic device, polynomial approximation, the solution accuracy.
Golovkov A.A., Gavriushin V.N.
GENERALIZED ALGORITHM OF PARAMETRIC SYNTHESIS OF WIDEBAND AMPLIFIERS AND DEMODULATORI SIGNALS WITH ANGULAR MODULATION WHEN USING DIFFERENT TYPES OF EXTERNAL APPLI-NOAH CONNECTION
Formed and solved the system ofalgebraic equations that satisfy Cree-terial to provide the required frequency dependencies ofthe modules and phases ofthe transfer functions ofthe amplifiers and high- frequency parts of the frequency demodulators, wherein IP is the use of arbitrary external circuits feedback circuits and direct transmission, as well as their quantity. For matching resistive two-port network defined optimal system of relationships between elements of classical transfer matrix. The obtained mathematical model of quasi-optimal two-terminal model of schema matching resistive two- port networks in the form of expressions to determine the values of the parameters that provide the coincidence ofthe real characteristics with the desired characteristics in a given frequency band.
Keywords: parametric synthesis, amplifiers, demodulators, modeling, feedback.
Grishko A.K., Goriychev N.V., Yurkov N.K.
MATHEMATICAL MODELING OF THE SYSTEM OF GUARANTEC OF THERMAL REGIMES OF CONSTRUCTIONALLY FUNCTIONAL MODULES OF RADIO-ELECTRONIC COMPLEXES
In the article the mathematical model of the thermal control system in the radio-electronic systems and complexes in the form of quasi-uniform anisotropic parallelepiped with different overall fixed volume or flat heat sources located in the surrounding environment of the conventional constant temperature. The proposed model is used to calculate, analyze, predict thermal regimes in structural and functional modules of different levels of the hierarchy structure of electronic equipment, which have a high density arrangement ofelectronic products and electronic modules.
Keywords: mathematical model, thermal control system, structural and functional unit, electronic warfare.
Telnii A.V., Nikitin O.R., Monaxov M.Iu.
METHOD OF INCREASING THE ACCURACY OF POSITIONING A MOVABLE OBJECT
This article is about a method ofincreasing the accuracy oflocating the moving objects in case of navigation measurements specifying navigation data due to restrictions superimposing connected to dynamic properties ofmoving object.
Keywords: dynamic recurrent correction, locating of mobile object, onboard measuring instruments ofmovement parameters, area ofpossible location space, dynamic properties ofmoving object.
Kostrov V.V., Grigas S.E., Skorynin A.A., Terekhov Yu.E.
POWER SUPPLY OF AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL SPACE BORNE RADAR
The power supply of space borne radar designed for traffic control of long-haul airliners is considered. Payload and bus power consumption are estimated. Possible satellite power system designs are discussed.
Keywords: space borne radar, moving target indication, power supply, air traffic control.
Tupitsin G.S., Kravtsov S.A., Topnikov A.I., Priorov A.L.
MODIFICATION OF THE BINARY MASK ESTIMATION ALGORITHM IN THE PROBLEM OF NOISE REDUCTION FOR A SPEAKER IDENTIFICATION SYSTEM
A modified version of the noise reduction algorithm using threshold value 0.5 ofthe gain-function for binary mask estimation was proposed. The modified algorithm uses a different threshold value. A threshold estimation algorithm was described. The proposed and the original noise reduction algorithms were compared in the problem ofspeaker identification in noisy conditions.
Keywords: speech signal, noise reduction, speaker identification, binary masks.
Volkov A.A., Kuzyukov V.A., Morozov M.S.
THE NEW VERSION OF THE SECOND STAGE OF THE TRANSMITTER MODULATION DIGITAL RAILWAY GSM-R RADIO COMMUNICATION SYSTEM
Available in digital train replace two-way radio communication system frequency shift keying (FSK) on a single- phase shift keying (SSB - QPSK) 180º, which will increase the frequency efficiency and robustness ofthe radio twice. Developed two low-frequency high-precision broadband fazovraschatenley for forming SSB phase PSK way.
Keywords: immunity, frequency efficiency, the digital system, the frequency and phase shift keying, phase shifter , the phase method offorming a single-sideband signal.
Issue of the magazine №2 for 2015
Kulakov M.S., Shavrin S. S.
THE ORGANIZATION OF MOBILE NETWORK STRUCTURES WITH KORIDOROPODOBNY TYPE OF THE MOVEMENT OF NETWORK KNOTS
Steady growth in the number ofvehicles, including aircrafts, significantly increased the load on the traffic management organs. The traffic management systems in use can no longer cope with the tasks attributed to them, so the possibility ofimproving ofthe efficiency oftraffic control and safety by the intelligent transport systems applications is widely researched. These systems are assumed to be based on the networks via data lines, so each member of the movement must be equipped with hardware which provides data exchange in the area of direct radio visibility and beyond. Promising alternative base for the intelligent transport systems could be mobile network structures. These structures are supposed to use the equipment ofdifferent standards for different vehicles. The main aspects of mobile networking for intelligent transportation systems are being analyzed in the paper, especially the techniques most widely used for multiple media access. The paper highlights the basic features of network structures being analyzed. The main for further research type ofrouting protocol is proposed.
intelligent transport systems, geographical routing, multiple media access, mobility model.
FEATURES OF THE ASSESSMENT OF TERRITORIAL (SPATIAL) RELIABILITY OF THE MOBILE LAND RADIO COMMUNICATION
In the report possible types ofreliability ofcommunication are considered. Distinctive features of territorial (spatial) reliability of communication are defined, at the set noise stability of reception of radio signals, for a mobile land radio communication. The method ofan assessment ofdependence of territorial reliability depending on the area of a cover zone of radio system is defined. The offered method, determination of average territorial reliability of communication in an area of coverage of radio system ofmobile communication is proved.
Keywords: radio system, reliability of communications, noise stability, signal, electromagnetic waves.
Babanov N. Yu., Klyuev A.V., Lartcov S.V., Samarin V.P.
MODELLING OF THE BRIDGE PARAMETRICAL LENSAbstract
Mathematical built on the basis of the analysis of the equivalent circuit of the bridge parametric
scatterer consisting of 4 is a series of parametric contours the diagonals of which is connected the antenna of the pump signal and the response signal. The results machine experiment, performed in the environment LabVIEW. The simulation results are presented in the form of amplitude characteristics linking the intensity of the waves irradiating signal reradiated at a frequency of half-harmonics of a signal pump. The calculated amplitude characteristic to be in good agreement with previously measured experimental dependence.
Keywords: parametric scatterer, sounding signal, signal ofpumping, synchronized signal, stripe of generation, bridge charts.
Makarova N. Yu., Pavlov D. D.
MODELLING OF THE OUTPUT SIGNAL OF SENSORS OF PRESSURE WITH THE RECOMBINATIONAL LUMINESCENT SENSITIVE ELEMENT
Mechanoluminescent pressure sensor with the recombination crystalophosphor is considered in the paper. The mathematical model of the sensor, allowing to calculate the dependence of sensor’s light response on the input pressure pulse parameters, is presented. The results ofcomparison ofthe sensor output signals with the different types ofphosphors are shown. In paper is defined the range ofinput pressure parameters suitable for the registration of sensors with characteristic and recombination luminophors.
Keywords: recombination luminescence, mechanoluminescence, pressure sensor, simulation of the output signal.
Kalinkin A.I., I.S. Holopov
REALIZATION OF THE BESPLATFORMENNY INERTIAL NAVIGATION SYSTEM ON MICROMECHANICAL SENSORS FOR MOBILE LAND OBJECT
Algorithms for processing and fusion of triaxial microelectromechanical sensors (MEMS) signals to estimate the spatial coordinates and the angular position of the mobile land object is considered. Results ofexperiments with the strapdown inertial navigation system showed that proposed algorithms provides the relative position measurement error less than 1.1 % when the vibration standard deviation ofmoving land object is up to 1 m/s
Keywords: Euler-Krylov angles, three-axis MEMS sensors, calibration, quaternion.
Ivanov A.V., Kuftin A.A., Demareva A.I., Khokhlov P.V., Skorochkin Yu.V., Drozhzhin V. S.
PROTECTION OF THE SMALL-SIZED ONBOARD EQUIPMENT AGAINST VIBRATION AND SHOCK INFLUENCES
The article is focused on the problems ofsmall-sized on-board equipment protection from vibratory and shock impact. Various protection methods are considered, based on syntactic foam and high damping alloy application in equipment structure. These methods provide both effective protection from mechanical impacts and equipment repairability in comparison with traditional device complete filling with compound PPU-305A.
Keywords: on-board equipment, vibration protection, shock protection, syntactic foam, high
Polushin P. A., Martyshevskaya D. A., Dzhulani I., A.V. Belyakov
REALIZATION OF THE COMPENSATION METHOD OF SUPPRESSION OF THE INTERSYMBOLICAL INTERFERENCE OF DIGITAL SIGNALS
Transmission of signals through multipath channels is accompanied by intersymbol interferences
ofsignals. Method ofcompensation ofinterferences based on combining oforthogonal components of received signals is proposed. Effectiveness of method by means of computer modelling was
Keywords: error probability, orthogonal components, method ofcompensation.
Brostilova T.Yu., Serebryakov D. I., Brostilov S. A., Badeeva E.A., Murashkina T.I.
OPTICAL TESTER FOR SETUP OF FIBER AND OPTICAL SENSORS
In the design and manufacture offiber optic sensors (FOS), there is a problem with the lack ofthe
necessary measuring equipment used in the process set-up and alignment of optical systems, in
particular optical tester with the desired characteristics. Therefore, the authors proposed a new
developed non-standardized optical tester for set-up and alignment ofthe optical system ofdifferential FOS , fiber optic cable which can contain multiple optical fibers of different diameter and type. Implemented scheme-technical solution optic tester, which provides the necessary operating conditions, the use ofwhich in the manufacture ofFOS on the steps ofconfiguring the optical system allows to obtain an output signal.
Keywords: fiber-optic cable, optical tester, optical fibers, optical fiber sensor, a radiation source, a radiation receiver, the adjustment.
Gorelov G. V., Markachev S. A., Popov I.L., Samoylov V. E.
TO DEFINITION OF THE ZONE OF RELAY TRANSFER IN NETWORKS OF CELLULAR COMMUNICATION OF TECHNOLOGY OF MULTISTATION ACCESS WITH CODE DIVISION
The issues of handover ("handover") base stations of the mobile station in cellular networks
multiple access technologies with a time (TDMA) and code (CDMA) divisions. For "soft handover",implemented with CDMA introduces the concept of "hypothetical zone handoff," provides a methodology to determine its size.
Keywords: high-frequency radio line, range ofa sure radio communication.
Issue of the magazine №1 for 2015
Grushin P. I., Loginov B. And., Yampurin N. P.
THE ANALYSIS OF COMBINATIONAL HINDRANCES OF NONLINEAR TRANSFORMATION OF FREQUENCY IN THE "NEAR" ZONE
The main problem of Cognitive Radio System (CRS) is to define the mixer spur in “near frequency zone”. Fast algorithms of spur level definition for implementation in CRS are offered.
Keywords: cognitive radio system (CRS), mixer, spurs
DEFINITION OF OPTIMUM TOPOLOGICAL PROVISION OF THE NEW MAIN JUNCTIONS ENTERED INTO ALREADY EXISTING NETWORK TRANSPORT TELECOMMUNICATION INFRASTRUCTURE
In article the technique of a finding of optimum topological position of deployed of new trunk communication centers concerning the subscriber’s terminations at already existing backbone infrastructure is described. The offered calculations based on a method of unconditional minimization of functions of many variables HookeJeeves.
Keywords: network station, a communication center, network topology, method HookeJeeves, optimum topological position
Lemmle D. V.
RESEARCH OF THE NOISE STABILITY OF OFDM IN MULTIBEAM CHANNELS
Simulation of system for receiving and transmission OFDM signals working in the frequencyselective channel was made in this article. Mathematical model in Simulink system was used for modeling, data from it is processed in Matlab. Bit error probability is valued with help of simulator. There are results of modeling for random Rayleigh multibeam channel. We got series of graphs of dependence error probability from different parameters of propagation channel.
Keywords: bit error probability, multipathing, intersymbol interference, OFDM
G. N. Cherchesov
SURVIVABILITY AND OTKAZOBEZOPASNOST OF RESPONSIBLE TECHNICAL SYSTEMS
In paper the design issues of critical systems by criteria faulttolerance, survivability and faultsafety are considered. The relation between these and related properties, probabilistic and deterministic indicators to measure the properties, the principles of providing the required performance, practical actions to implement the principles are discussed.
Keywords: dependability, failure, safety, faultsafety, tolerance, faulttolerance, survivability, risk, adverse effects, catastrophic failure, critical failure, human error, repairable system, reserve of survivability, law vulnerability, survivability function
MATHEMATICAL MODEL OF FREQUENCY DETECTING OF SIGNALS WHEN PASSING THROUGH THE QUADRATURE AMPLIFIER OF POWER
A mathematical model of frequency detection signal nonlinear devices. The mathematical modeling of the quadrature power amplifier frequencymodulated signals under the influence of harmonic interference on the nonlinear amplifier elements of the device. Assess the degree of reduction Intermodulationrelational fluctuations in a narrow frequency band of the quadrature output of the power amplifier compared to a single amplifier. Investigated how the nonlinearity characterized ticspower amplifiers included in quadrature power amplifier affects the frequency change of the modulating signal. The advantages and disadvantages of such a mathematical apparatus.
Keywords: frequency detecting, mathematical model, intermodulation fluctuations, a narrowband signal, a method complex bending around, the bezinertsionny device, the quadrature amplifier of power, nonlinear characteristics, compensation of intermodulation fluctuations, analytical representation of a signal, extent of reduction of intermodulation.
Golovkov A.A., Ishutin D. A.
THE GENERALIZED ALGORITHMS OF PARAMETRICAL SYNTHESIS AND MATHEMATICAL MODELS OF THE OSCILLATORS OPERATED BY THE EXTERNAL MAGNETIC FIELD WITH ANY CHAINS OF DIRECT TRANSFER, CHAINS OF FEEDBACK AND THE COORDINATING JET TWO-PORT NETWORKS IN INTERESTS OF NAVIGATION PROVIDING
In article the generalised algorithms of parametrical synthesis and mathematical models of the oscillators operated an external magnetic field applied in magnetic electronic systems of navigation are considered. Synthesising was carried out with the account of possibility of any choice of structures of a chain of direct transfer, type of feedback, a nonlinear element and inclusion places согласующего the jet twoport network. Possibility of transformation of borders of areas of a physical realizability of conditions of a stationary mode of generation by complication of a chain of direct transfer by inclusion in it of the complex twoport network is thus considered. Use of the complex twoport network allows to transform parametres of a nonlinear element to chains of direct transfer in such a manner that the initial data (frequency of generation, complex resistance of loading, complex values of parametres трёхполюсных or bipolar nonlinear elements and etc.) Get to areas of a physical realizability of conditions of a stationary mode of generation. As a result of such approach the effective algorithm of parametrical synthesis matching of the congruent reactive quadripole, finished to engineering level which allows to form the set steepness of dependence of frequency of generation from intensity of an external magnetic field in interests of increase of efficiency of systems of navigation and promotes acceleration of process of technical designing of means of navigating maintenance.
Keywords: mathematical models, feedforward path, complex fourterminal networks, selfsustained oscillators guided by external magnetic field, magnetic electronic navigation systems.
Rufov A.A., Pozdnyakov A.D.
INTERPOLATION ALGORITHM OF DETERMINATION OF PARAMETERS OF THE HARMONIOUS SIGNAL ON LIMITED SELECTION OF INSTANT VALUES
In this article considered the complex interpolation algorithm for determining the RMS value and the frequency of the harmonic signal, restoration of function sin(x)/x on a limited sample of the instantaneous values. Created an interactive simulation program that allows assess the methodological errors and choose the type of windows, the number of samples and the duration of the signal, the initial phase and step it changes the number of intermediate points of interpolation. The results are shown in graphs of errors in linear and logarithmic scale. Recommendations on the choice of sampling and interpolation ranges.
Keywords: reconstructed signal, interpolation, window function, RMS value’s error, sampling theorem
Bukvarev E.A., Belyaev A.I., Polovinkina A.S., A.V. Yastrebov
APPARATNOEFFEKTIVNY REALIZATION OF THE COORDINATED FILTER FOR RECEPTION OF RADAR SIGNALS
In our days compound signals are widely used in radiolocation and communication. This paper deals with construction of binary digital PNmatched filter for high length signals. This filter requires minimal hardware resources. A derivation of a formula for estimation of required FPGA logic cells is shown. It estimates required FPGA logic cells for constructing a filter for given number of signal and for given signal length.
Keywords: matched filter, binary sequence, pipeline adder with logarithmic approximation, optimization, highlength signals, segment, united coefficients.
Babanov N. Yu., Klyuev A.V., S. V. Lartcov
PILOT STUDIES OF PARAMETRICAL LENSES
In the present work we have investigated some characteristics of various circuits design of parametric scatterers and have studied possibility of generation band expansion of parametric scatterers due to increase of number of parametrical generators up to three. Onegenerating, twogenerating models of PS are investigated. Two new circuits design of subharmonic scatterers are offered: threegenerating and bridge schemes.
Keywords: parametric scatterer, request signal, pump signal, synchronized signal, response signal, stripe of generation, bridge charts
Dolgovykh YU.G., Pogalov A.I., Blinov G. A.
TECHNOLOGY OF INSTALLATION AND METHODS OF THE ASSESSMENT OF DURABILITY PACKAGELESS ENCORE WITH BALL CONCLUSIONS ON THE FLEXIBLE SWITCHING PAYMENT
The technology of manufacturing frameless multiconnection largescale integrated circuits (LSI) with ball conclusions, which are formed on the contact areas of the crystal and the crystal after the certification is mounted on a flexible commutation board composed of micromodule. The methods for assessing the durability of interconnection materials and methods for calculating the parameters of the stressstrain state element of the structure.
Keywords: technology, uncased LSI, ball conclusions, flexible board, methods
Issue of the magazine №4 for 2014
Bessonova E.V., Esipenko V. I., Irkhin V. I.
RESEARCH OF CHARACTERISTICS OF AZIMUTHAL PERMISSION OF THE PURPOSES UNDER SMALL CORNERS OF THE PLACE
Formulated model of education background of the aperture on the surface of the earth based on the facet model reflections from the underlying surface. This relationship for a range of purposes, when the energy of the radiation background of the aperture exceeds the energy of the radiation of a real aperture antenna. A method for processing the received echo signal from the target taking into account reflections from the underlying surface. Shows the limits of applicability of this model depending on the characteristics of the radar.
Keywords: facet model, the background aperture, the reflection from the underlying surface, the azimuthal pack, a spatial filter
CHOICE OF OPTIMUM TOPOLOGICAL PROVISION OF THE MAIN JUNCTIONS OF THE TELECOMMUNICATION NETWORK WITH THE BINDING TO THE RESOLVED PLACES OF THEIR ARRANGEMENT
In article the technique of a finding of optimum topological position of deployed of new communication centers concerning the subscriber’s terminations at already existing backbone infrastructure is described. The offered calculations based on a method of unconditional minimization of functions of many variables HookeJeeves.
Keywords: network elements, a communication center, network topology, method HookeJeeves, optimum topological position
Frisk V. V.
RESEARCH OF ELECTRIC PROCESSES IN THE FLAT CONDENSER
The paper analyzes the experimental results show that under the influence of harmonic voltage in the plates of the parallel plate capacitor having variable eddy currents. If you change the value of the applied voltage change and the magnitude of these eddy currents.
Keywords: eddy current, plate capacitor, singlewire line, singlepole voltmeter
Pozdnyakova L.V., Pozdnyakov V.A.
INCREASE OF ACCURACY OF CORRECTION OF THE COMPLEX TRANSFER CHARACTERISTIC ON THE SIGNAL OFDM PREAMBLE
Algorithm of the equalization, which is based on OFDM preamble, is under concern. The realization of the modified is simpler and higher pilotsubcarriers levels increase the accuracy.
Keywords: OFDM, equalization, preamble
Chebykin A.G., Merkutov A.S.
AUTOMATION OF DESIGN OF DEVICES OF RECEPTION AND PROCESSING OF SIGNALS FOR THE GLONASS NAVIGATION SYSTEM
This paper presents the issues of sharing models of analog and digital paths receivers GLONASS satellite navigation system, and radio models implemented in the CAD environment as an ADS and a MATLAB Simulink, at various stages of automated design. The proposed methodology for constructing and studies models greatly expand the developer promising devices for receiving and processing signals of the GLONASS system, especially in the study of linear and nonlinear effects of the signals.
Keywords: satellite navigation system GLONASS, the radio receiver, a radio channel model, modeling, design automation
INTERPRETATION OF CODES OF SETTINGS OF THE MACHINE GUN SET IN THE FORM OF THE SCHEME OF QUARTUS II SYSTEM
The article made deciphering hexadecimal codes settings LUT FPGA (Logic Cell Comb). Created a BDF (Block Diagram / Schematic File) of a finite state machine (FSM) through a system Quartus 2. Decrypted configuration of the four variables LUT.
Keywords: finite state machine – FSM, BDF Block Diagram / Schematic File, logic element LUT FPGA, hexadecimal codes, Quartus 2, Map Viewer, Logic Cell Comb
Shmelyov V. E.
MODELLING OF TRANSITION PROCESSES IN ELECTRIC CHAINS BY METHOD OF VARIABLES OF THE STATE ON THE BASIS OF MATRIX TOPOLOGICAL RATIOS
The method and computing algorithm of automation of build of simultaneous equations concerning state variables of the nonlinear electric circuit of any complexity if the circuit is presented by an equivalent circuit containing idealized sources of the EMF and a current, inductive, capacitor and resistive elements is offered. The offered method is based on topological parities of circuit theory in the matrix form. The standard system of state variables is accepted: magnetic flux linkage inductive elements and charges of capacitor elements. Model inputs (dynamic system) – the EMF and currents of sources. Model outputs – voltages and currents of all branches (equivalent circuit elements). The input data of the developed algorithm the matrix of node connections coding an equivalent circuit; six lists of numbers: branches of a tree with ideal sources of the EMF, capacitor branches of a tree, resistive branches of a tree, resistive branches of chord, inductor branches of chord, branches with ideal current sources; descriptors of time functions representing the EMF and currents of sources; descriptors of the nonlinear functions representing the characteristics of properties of all other elements. Output data of the developed algorithm – descriptors of nonlinear functions of transfers from inputs of dynamic system and state variables to speeds of change of state variables, and also to exits of modeled system (circuit). In article it is offered also two new methods of the static analysis of nonlinear electric circuits: a method of chord resistive branches voltages and a method of tree resistive branches currents. These methods are applied to automation of build of descriptors of the nonlinear functions entering into the typical matrix form of circuit model in a state space. Computing experiments confirm working capacity of the offered methods and algorithms.
Keywords: nonlinear electric circuit, transients, the method the state variables, topology, methods of nonlinear static analysis
Yurkov N. K., kochegarov I.I., Goryachev N. V.
MODELLING OF THE ASSESSMENT OF RISK AT REFUSAL OF ELECTRONIC MEANS OF LONG FUNCTIONING
This paper discusses the existing methods and tools for monitoring and diagnosis of electronic onboard equipment longterm performance. On the basis of a mathematical model of evaluating the reliability of electronic means of longterm functioning of the expressions were obtained for the determination of the maximum likelihood estimate, subject to availability intervals Wink apparent defects on the basis of what is possible to determine the average time until the next defect electronic means longterm performance.
Keywords: electronic tools, diagnostics, mathematical model, the printed circuit board, latent defects in software
Spirin V. G. DESIGN OF THE RESISTOR OF THE FORM MEANDER
Abstract:The optimal construction of the resistor of the form a meander is defined. Restrictions are formulated and three algorithms of calculation of the sizes of the resistor of this form are developed. The received results can be used as at designing film, and semiconductor chips.
Keywords: the film resistor, a meander
REALIZATION OF THE FUNKTSIONALNOADAPTIVNA MACHINE GUN OF PROCESSING OF MULTIBEAM SIGNALS IN THE PROGRAM LAB VIEW ENVIRONMENT
This article is devoted modelling of functionaladaptive signal processing in software environment Lab VIEW. The main questions of imitation of maultiradial distribution of a signal on the track “beaconaircraft” are considered.
Keywords: adaptive processing, multipath propagation, reflection signals, navigation system
Starykh A.A., Kovalyov A.V.
THE ASYNCHRONOUS ADDER WITH BLOCK STRUCTURE WITH SELEMENTA PROPERTIES
In this paper, we present the optimization of asynchronous adderprototype firm Theseus Logic, as a result of which was resolved "fineness" scheme by creating larger functional units. Each of these blocks have the properties of the Muller element, in order to save energy, namely, the output latch unit stores the current state, signal NULL, coming after each occurrence of a certain value at the output. A new method for asynchronous reset latch. Given the principle of synthesis of asynchronous adder blocks. Such a construction scheme has improved the operating parameters of the adder, such as power dissipation, the number of transistors, the propagation delay of the signal in a circuit switching operation.
Keywords: asynchronous adder, Celement Muller, power dissipation, speed of the circuit
Issue of the magazine №3 for 2014
Kulikov A.V., Topnikov A.I., Priorov A.L.
RESEARCH OF STATISTICAL INTERRELATIONS BETWEEN INDICATORS OF QUALITY AND LEGIBILITY NOISY SPEECH SIGNALS
This paper presents results of analysis of the statistical relationship between objective measures of quality and intelligibility of noisy speech. Additive white Gaussian noise and real noises records are used in this research. We consider cases with and without noise reduction. Simulation in Matlab showed a high degree of correlation between all the investigated measures of quality and intelligibility in both cases. The results show the possibility of using regression to predict some measures by known to others.
Key words: noisy speech, quality, intelligibility, correlation, PESQ, SNR loss.
M. Yu. Monakhov, Yu.M. Monakhov, I.I. Semenova
MODEL OF MANAGEMENT OF PROCESS OF ENSURING ELIABILITY OF INFORMATION RESOURCES IN INFORMATION AND ELECOMMUNICATION SYSTEMS
This article proposes a new management model of processes ensure the reliability of information resources in modern information-telecommunication systems (ITCS). The model takes into consideration: the destabilizing factors in ITCS; active opposition; monitoring and dynamically determine the reliability level of information sources; resource limitations of various classes in ITCS.
Key words: information-telecommunication systems, information resources, the reliability level of the information, destabilizing factors, the management model of process ensure reliability.
Chie Han Un, A.B. Shein
NUMERICAL SOLUTION OF THE EQUATIONS OF VARIABLES OF THE STATE ELECTRONIC DEVICES ON THE BASIS OF THE INTEGRATED METHOD OF THE SMALLEST SQUARES SOLUTION OF THE EQUATIONS OF VARIABLES OF THE STATE ELECTRONIC DEVICES ON THE BASIS OF THE INTEGRATED METHOD OF THE SMALLEST SQUARES
The numerical method of the solution of the equations of a condition of electronic devices on the basis of an integrated method of the smallest squares is described. The described method gives formulas of the solution of the equations of a condition of the second order of accuracy. Algorithms of calculations at simplicity and presentation are presented in the general form of record that provides convenience of practical realization.
Keywords: equation of variables of a condition of electronic devices, numerical solution of the equations of a state, integrated method of the smallest squares
Zhigalov I.E., Ozerova M.I., Novikov I.A.
Modeling of nonlinear electronic circuits with the interaction of functional blocks
The article considers the problem of nonlinear electronic circuits modeling on the functional blocks level, with models, that reflect they signal conversion. The approach to the solution of this problem is offered; it uses the mathematical functional series, that allowed to consider the mutual interaction of the cascades on the nonlinear interaction level. Article presents the results of mathematical modeling of the electronic circuits with nonlinear transfer functions, including nonlinear functional blocks, in the frequency domain.
Mathematical modeling, functional blocks, nonlinear circuits, functional series approach, nonlinear interaction
I.R.Dubov Nonparametric estimation of a logarifmafunktion of intensity refusals on experimental data
Nonparametric approach to failure rate function estimation gives us possibility to assess reliability of some elements under uncertainty conditions. Nonparametric approximation of failure rate function is discussed in the paper. It is based on data of period observation for some population. The idea of the proposed approach is based on the fact that the logarithm of the failure rate function is defined by the difference of two probability density functions. The first one is probability density function for failures of elements observed during the observation period. The second one is probability density function for the elements age. As has been shown in previous papers by the author, direct observations of the logarithm of the probability density could be constructed on the base of order statistics. These direct observations are independent of the source distribution of the random variable. Direct observations of logarithm of failure rate function are proposed in this paper. Such observations are based on the direct observations of density functions and so ones are independent of failure rate function itself. Variance of the estimates is determinate and Mallows criterion may be used for nonparametric regression. So the problem of failure rate function estimation is reduced to nonparametric regression. Each approximation function is to be constructed by least squares method. The optimal function is to be chosen according approximation criterion. Set of polynomial functions or kernel estimators could be used here. Potentiating result function we obtain desired approximation of failure rate function. The paper presents a demonstration of approximation procedure on model data.
Key words: failure rate, nonparametric estimation, probability density, approximation criterion
Osipova G. I., Lantsov V. N.
Iterative methods of the solution of the equations of harmonious balance when modeling electronic schemes
This paper focus on the Krylov subspace techniques which was implemented in harmonic balance method. For strongly nonlinear circuits Krylov methods with standard preconditioning can become ineffective. To overcome this problem we present some approaches to improve the properties of harmonic Jacobian.
Key words: nonlinear circuits, harmonic balance, simulation, Krylov subspace, peconditioning.
D. A. Razumov, D. M. Oreshkin, N. N. Davydov, V. A. Yefimov, S.Yu. Danilov, N. N. Davydov
Monitors of remote objects of control of a state products of electronic equipment and Wednesday Increase of accuracy of correction of the complex transfer characteristic on a signal OFDM preamble
Abstract. The hardware-software complex for control of stable functioning of electronic for diagnosis of the condition of objects and environment in remote access is designed. Technological and design solutions for the implementation of a distributed network of lower atmosphere electro fields sensors is proposed. The structure and technology of optoelectronic microassembly including channels of information communication with intense beams of hard electromagnetic radiation resistance based on optical waveguides trapped in the substrates of glass is designed. The structure and the functions of the software complex system for remote monitoring is described. Autonomous software components is developed. Experimental researches and pilot operation of remote monitoring system components is performed at geophysical site in Kamchatka Peninsula and Central Russian Upland remote area.
Keywords: field of the Earth, monitoring, operation sustainability, automation, software, pilot operation, video recording.
A.G. Samoylov, A.A. Sidorenko
APPLICATION OF CASCADE NOISEPROOF CODES FOR INCREASE OF EFFICIENCY OF FIGHT AGAINST INDEPENDENT MISTAKES
products of electronic equipment and environment
Application error correction code allows recover of missing data. Use Reed-Solomon code allow effective resist for error burst. Making Reed-Solomon code in cascade with the binary codes significantly to cope better with independent errors.
error correction code, correctingcodes,Reed-Solomon code, binary codes, digital communication.
V. N. Gridnev, E.I. Yemelyanov
Installation of chips in BGA cases in electronic modules of spatial configuration
In this work we present technology of production electronic devices, which contain BGA microchips, also types of BGA ICs and features of BGA. There is preamble in the beginning of the article, which describes most important aspects BGA microchips such as: definition of type of microchip’s bulk, reason ofappearing ofthe technology, advantages and disadvantages. We show you description of processes assembling and disassembling of BGA-microchips. First part of article describes types of BGA ICs, their features, advantages and disadvantages. There is description of bulk’s material, variety of ball pins (material, size), type of configuration of matrix of BGA- microchips. In the second part of article we give you detailed description of technological process of assembly microchips BGA on the board, which has important steps, which must take into consideration. Also, there is necessary temperature characteristic of soldering BGA-microchip. Provides a kind of flux, solder paste, each of which have advantages, but also disadvantages, the method of placement, installation, a variety of stencils. Described in detail the temperature-time characteristic of soldering BGA chips with parameters, which improves the quality setting mounting chips on the PCB. There is a schematic of installation of thermocouple to monitor the soldering process and elimination of defects formed during soldering. Article present variety of furniture, equipment, which is used in technological process. They have own precision. Also there is description of unique operation called “Reballing” (replacement of ball pins) used for reinstallation of BGA- microchip on the board. The article presents a report, which sums up the whole article.
Keywords: technology of production, BGA-microchips, IC, temperature characteristic, assembly, ball pins, patterns, flux, thermocouple, reballing
Issue of the magazine №2 for 2014
V.A. Сymbal, Popov M. Yu., Kosareva L.N., Drobyshev M. Yu., Derkach A.M. Finding of VVH of FINISHING MESSAGES IN CONNECTION "POINT-TO-POINT" In the CIRCULAR RADIO NETWORK of the NOTIFICATION
In article the approach to definition ofis likelihood-time characteristics of finishing of messages on parallel non-stationary communication channels (on probability of an error of an elementary symbol) is presented a network of finishing of the circular information, taking into account "shift" of the transferred information.
a network of finishing of the circular information, parallel communication channels, connection "point-point", shift of the transferred information, is likelihood-time characteristics.
Rufov A.A., Pozdnyakov A.D. APPLICATION of the SMOOTHING WINDOW FOR INCREASE of ACCURACY of DETERMINATION of MEAN SQUARE VALUE of the HARMONIOUS SIGNAL ON the LIMITED INTERVAL of TIME
In this article considers the possibilities to reduce the RMS value’s error of harmonic signal on limited time interval using window functions. The boundaries of the methodic error are given for sinusoidal and rectangular windows and window function Hannah, Hamming and Blackman. The results are shown in graphs and tables. Recommendations are given on the choice of the window.
Keywords: harmonic signal, methodic error, window function, RMS value.
Samoylov A.G., Samoylov S. A., Alshraydekh A.M., Joau A.F. IMITATION of MULTIBEAM CHANNELS of INFORMATION TRANSFER
The mathematical description of multipath radio and issues of building simulators communication channels designed to reduce costs and accelerate the process of controls or adjustments, testing and certification of radio communication equipment discussed. Were proposed statistical models for the mathematical description of multipath radio. Based on the statistical description of the channel the simulators communication channels were implemented and evaluated their adequacy real radio channels.
radio, fading signals, interference, mathematical descriptions fading, simulators radio.
Samoylov A.G., Joau A.F. The ASSESSMENT of the DYING DOWN of the SIGNAL ON LINES of SATELLITE COMMUNICATION
It is reviewed the attenuation of signals of satellite communication due to the influence of hydrometeors on the distribution terms. The calculation is performed for the communication lines of the Republic ofAngola with the geostationary satellite ANGOSAT. The coordinates ofthe locations of ground stations of satellite communication of the Republic of Angola, the tilt angles for routes of communication are determined, the probabilities of occurrence of fading and the number of their events depending on their duration are rated. For the calculations the methodology recommended by the International Telecommunication Union and statistical data on climatic conditions in this part of Africa were used. For ground stations it is defined the necessary reserve ofpower capacity fading. The presented results can be used as practical guidance for developers of communication routes and the equipment ofthe ground segment ofsatellite communications with the satellite ANGOSAT.
замирания, ослабления сигнала, длительность замираний, гидрометеоры, линия связи, наземный сегмент, спутниковая связь.
fading, signal attenuation, the duration of the fading, hydrometeors, communications line, ground segment, satellite communication.
Nedopekin K.K., Rubichev O. N., Tikmenov V. N. The generalized ALGORITHM of COORDINATION of COUNTING IN IN TWOCOUNTING CONVERTERS CORNER-CODE
The article examines peculiarities of the combination of the results of measurements two-sampler resolver-to-digital converter for various combinations of values of the reduction ratio of coarse and fine samplers, regardless ofthe reduction method (electric - coarse and fine samplers located in single resolver, or mechanical - coarse and fine samplers connected through a mechanical reduction gear).The article offer a unified algorithm combination of the results of measurements for a wide range changes ofthe reduction ratio and demonstrate its efficiency.
Angle converter, induction resolver, resolver-to-digital conversion
Galkin A.P., Al Dzhaberi R. H., Obadi H.M. The ASSESSMENT of RELIABILITY of FUNCTIONING of the FAILURE-SAFE MEMORY AT INFORMATION PROTECTION of TELECOMMUNICATIONS
Estimation ofreliability offunctioning offailure-safe memories are considered on an example for four information categories with coding use. At use of iterative codes in memories of telecommunication networks at their information protection it is necessary to be convinced of reliability. The estimation ofinfluence offrequency rate ofa rectified error on hardware expenses and<неиreliability of functioning of devices of memory is spent at realisation of coding of the information. What combination is shown it turns out the best in sense ofreliability both in tables and on schedules.
failure-safe memories, iterative codes, telecommunications.
Stoyanov D. D., Oaks M. A. Priorov A.L. MODIFICATION of NONPARAMETRIC ALGORITHM of DETECTION of BROADBAND RADIO SIGNALS
A modification ofthe radio signals detection algorithm based on the Vilkson’s sign ranks statistics is proposed. The task ofsearching for wideband radio signals on a background ofadditive noise in the frequency domain is discussed. An analysis of the proposed algorithm effectiveness is presented with comparative to the known parametric algorithms.
Keywords: nonparametric algorithm, wideband signals, radio signals detection
Rakhmattulin A.F. The RECEIVER WITH the LIMITER FOR SUPERBROADBAND SYSTEMS
This article reviews questions of realization of optimum reception by the maximum likelihood method for interference in the form of generalized Gaussian distribution in Ultra-wideband systems. In this work the limiter type is synthesized. The results ofUWB system simulations show that receiver with limiter are more effective than the classical correlation receiver under the multi-user interference.
Keywords:interference, limiter, multi-user access, ultra-wideband, generalized Gaussian distribution
Babaglo V. M., Gavrilov V. M., Glukhov R. N., Dementyev V. K. The HIGHLY EFFECTIVE PRINTING ANTENNA LATTICE ON 28 GHZ
The antenna array for a range of 28 GHz was developed. Unlike the prototype, antenna array's radiators and delivery arrangement are implemented in the printed circuit version. At similar electrical and geometrical parameters, compared to the prototype, the antenna array has a higher radiative efficiency
Keywords: printed antenna array, radiative efficiency, range of28 GHz
Tyurin S.F., Gorodilov A.Yu., Danilova E.Yu. "RETURN" DIAGNOSING of the LOGICAL LUT FPGA ELEMENT
In the work is proposed modified logic element MLUT FPGA for the purpose ofthe acceleration of diagnostics. The simulation MLUT is executed in the system NI Multisim 10 by National Instruments Electronics Workbench Group.
Keywords:logic element, LUT FPGA, MLUT, diagnostics, NI Multisim
Issue of the magazine №1 for 2014
Romashov V. V., K.K. Hramov, A.N. Doctorov Metoda's of increase of output frequency of shapers of signals on the basis of digital computing synthesizers
Three ways of multiplying of the output frequency of integrated direct digital synthesizer (DDS) are considered:transistor frequency multipliers,single-loop PLL multiplier,using of images of the DDS fundamental frequency. A study of three signal shapers implemented on the basis of these methods is realized.An analysis of the power spectral density of phase noise of each shaper is performed by using heir mathematical models.The possibilities of increasing output frequency and improving of noise curves of the shapers are investigated.
direct digital synthesizer, power spectral density of phase noise, images of DDS, signal shaper, frequency multiplication.
Alshraydekh A.M., Gómez Zh.L., Samoylov S. A., Sidorenko A.A. Research of "soft" decoding of a code of rida-Solomon
The algorithm of «soft »decoding of a code of Read Solomon is considered.Pilot model studies of «soft» decoders with various number of «deletings »are conducted.The optimized algorithm of «soft » ecoding of a code of Read Solomon is offered.
decoder,coding,«soft » decoding.
Shmelyov V. E., Sbitnev S. A., Abramchenko E.V. Calculation of an electric network of the private house with a complex of electronic receivers by a matrix method on three-phase equivalent circuits
This paper describes the electrophysical modeling process of the country estate electric grid based on the three-phase equivalent circuit matrix analysis. The proposed model has to consider a lot of electric loads with different power consumption including three-phase loads and many one-phase loads. This model has to provide regulatory quality and reliability of the power supply with various electronic devices. With such a model available one can get economic recommendations on specific activities to ensure the aforementioned requirements are met.
matrix analysis, three-phase equivalent circuits, electronic devices, energy efficiency.
Chie Han Un, Shein A.B the Solution of the equations of variables of a condition of electronic devices on the basis of zeroing nonviscous
Numerical methods solutions of the equations of a condition of electronic devices on the basis of zeroing are proposed isn ’t viscous in knots of a grid of the decision.The described methods give
formulas of the solution of the equations of a condition of the second order of accuracy. Àlgorithms of calculations at simplicity and presentation are presented in the general form of record that provides convenience of realization and expands scope of application.
the equation of variables of a condition of electronic devices, the numerical solution of the equations of a state, it isn ’t viscous in grid knots.
Pankratov A.V., Lantsov V. N. Metod of Yakobian's calculation for the analysis of nonlinear schemes on the basis of the attached dynamic neural network
This paper presents an adjoint neural network method which used for sensitivity analysis in neural network-based modeling and design.The efficient sensitivity analysis can be carried out within neural network structure using neuron responses in both the original and adjoint neural network models. The proposed method is applicable to obtain the Jacobian in harmonic balance approach for nonlinear circuits analysis based on dynamic neural networks.
nonlinear circuits, harmonic balance method, simulation, dynamic neural networks, sensitivity, original and adjoint neural network, Jacobian.
Markelov V. V., Vlasov A.I., Zotyeva D.E. Functional visual model of quality control of ES
This paper analyzes the principles of functional system analysis in the management of quality
electronic products. The features of the system approach in the implementation of quality control
procedures. Estimations place Statistical Process Control in the life cycle of electronic products . The technique of functional analysis, quality control as IDEF-diagrams.
input control, quality management, electronic equipment.
Tyurin С.Ф.Отказоустойчивая cell of memory of QSRAM
In the work it is proposed quadrupling SRAM cell -QSRAM cell.It is described the simulation of the QSRAM cell by NI Multisim system.
SRAM cell,DICE SRAM cell, quadrupling SRAM cell, QSRAM cell, failure, NI Multisim.
V. N. Bobrov Optical-electronic system of an assessment of parameters of the atmosphere
Rating atmosphere opto-electronic means based on the use of information on the horizontal
projection of the trajectory of the optical signal passing a gradient layer of the atmosphere. In the absence of significant deterioration visibility accounted information resources on vertical gradients of meteorological variables. By the difference of the horizontal projections of the trajectories of the optical signal in the ideal and the real atmosphere optoelectronic system calculates and displays information about the real state of the atmosphere.
meteorological values, vertical profile, information resources, the refractive index, the inclined track, the optical signal, atmospheric pollution, opto-electronic control system.
Yermolaev E.V. Structural tension in interlaminar conductors of MKK under production conditions
In this state provides estimates of the radial and circumferential stresses in the hollow and solid
interlayer conductors which of providing electrical connection between layers the shell of metal-
ceramic the basis of high alumina ceramics. It is shown that the formation of the internal cavity in the center of vias, during its formation, reduces the radial shrinkage due to pressure on the inner cylindrical wall. As a result, additional pressure are arising crackling of the vias, the dimension of which depends on a number of factors.
radial and circumferential stress,of interlayer conductor,axially symmetric central hollow.
Babanov N.Yu, Klyuev A.V., Lartsovs.V., Samarin V.P. Use of parametrical lenses for marking of the individual survival equipment suffering disaster on water
We consider a problem of using of parametric scatterer for marking of individual saving facilities (life jackets), distressed at the water. For solution of this problem the wideband parametric scatterer may be used. With all this going on(For all that) the sounding must carry out by means of sequence linear-FM radio-frequency pulse signal pumping and to accept receive sequence linear-FM radio-frequency on a frequency it sub harmonic. In this paper we introduce the new kind of sounding signal. This signal consist of linear-FM radio-frequency signal of pumping and linear-FM synchronized radio-pulses which have inverse laws change frequency.
Key words: parametric scatterer, sounding signal, signal of pumping, synchronized signal, parametric generator, radiomarker
Issue of the magazine №4 for 2013
Vikulina L.S. Determination of fractal dimension of nanopowders by method of a ratio of the area and perimeter
Hybrid circuits are widely used in modern electronics.Most commonly used for producing ceramic substrates based on alumina and beryllium ceramics.The substrate material should possess sufficient mechanical strength.Found that there is a connection between the strength of ceramics and fractal dimension.A method for determining the fractal dimension of nanopowders on the micrograph was
described.Showing highlights of creating a computer program that lets you perform the calculations.
The method of determining the fractal dimension of nanopowders on pictures taken by transmission electron microscopy was shown.Method for the determination -the ratio of the area and perimeter of clusters.Showing the highlights of creating a computer program that automatically carry out these calculation.
Key words:fractal,fractal dimension,nanopowder,transmission electron microscopy.
Pankratov A.V., Lantsov V. N. Nonlinear macromodel in the form of a dynamic neural network for analysis tasks by method of harmonious balance
This paper presents a novel approach which gives the better speed and accuracy of harmonic
balance technique to simulation of nonlinear circuits represented by dynamic neural network
(DNN)models.The DNN models are extracted from the time-domain training data and then used to harmonic balance simulation.
nonlinear circuits,harmonic balance method,simulation,dynamic neural networks, models.
Chie Han Un, Shein A.B. Reduction of systems of the differential equations of the first order to the non-uniform differential equations in problems of design of electronic devices
At the solution of tasks of the analysis of dynamic modes of electric circuit and electronic devices
two main forms of the mathematical description of processes are used:system of the differential
equations of the first order or non-uniform differential equation of the corresponding order.The
reduction method to the non-uniform differential equation of system of the differential equations
of the first order is offered.
system of the differential equations,non-uniform differential equation,analysis of dynamic modes of electronic devices.
Shilenkov E.A. Sposob of creation of a time-and-frequency mask for speech coding on the basis of psychoacoustic model of hearing
Based on the methods of analysis of psychoacoustic hearing developed a method for calculating
the parameters of masking for speech coder.Considered a hybrid approach for the calculation of the elements of the mask.Identified divergent parameters affecting the quality of the encode.
speech encoder,psychoacoustic analysis,frequency and temporal masking hearing.
Galkin A.P., Aldzharadat M. M., Darakhma I., Amro M.M.Obosnovaniye of hardware costs of realization of an iterative code for detection and correction of mistakes at information protection
For a choice and a substantiation of use of iterative codes which are widely applied at protective
actions in telecommunication networks the estimation of hardware expenses is required.Here the
estimation for the most frequent cases is spent.Hardware expenses of the decoder include expenses for
realisation of the scheme of a syndrome of errors.It is shown that hardware expenses for reservation and hardware expenses of the decoder have linear dependence on number of information categories.
information protection,correction of errors,iterative codes.
Pozdnyakov V.A., Pozdnyakova L.V., Nikitin O.R.Algoritm of decrease in the peak-factor of a preamble for OFDM and DMT of signals
Algorithm for peak-factor minimization of the preamble that is divided on several symbols is under concern.Algorithm is based on random spectrum generation.The optimal spectrum coefficients of the preamble can be found less than one hour on the modern PC.
OFDM, DMT, peak-factor, preamble.
Shmelyov V. E. Modeling of longitudinal and cross electric parameters of multiwire lines by means of the equations of an electromagnetic field
Questions of mathematical modeling of full system of longitudinal and cross electric parameters
of multiwire lines by methods of the theory of an electromagnetic field and the theory of chains with the distributed parameters on known geometry and properties of applied materials are considered. Results of such modeling are used in calculations of the established modes of electric networks of all classes of tension for full three-phase equivalent circuits for the solution of problems of energy saving and electromagnetic compatibility of power industry and telecommunication.
line, multiwire system, electric network, mathematical modeling, electromagnetic field.
Tyurin S.F.Logicheskiye elements for realization of systems of functions in FPGA PLIS
In the article the simulation of new logic elements of the FPGA is described.This is logic element
on the basis of the decoder -DC LUT FPGA.This is logic element for DNF of the realization.
Simulation they will be carried out in the system NI Multisim 10 by National Instruments Electronics Workbench Group.
logic element -LUT FPGA, logic element on the basis of the decoder -DC LUT FPGA, full DNF (FDNF), DNF logic element FPGA.
Gavrilov V. M., Dementiev V. K., Nazarova Yu.Yu. A local hyperthermia of a cancer of brain by means of the focused electromagnetic field
The possibility of local hyperthermia in brain tumors using a focused electromagnetic field.As the
focusing system a composition of ring arrays with common geometric-focal center.The results of computer simulations using the electrodynamic model of the human head,confirming the effectiveness of the method in the early stages of cancer.
hyperthermia,tumor in the brain,the composition of ring lattices,focusing on the geometrical center.
Yermolaev E.V. Depressurization of ceramic-metal cases in the field of interlaminar conductors under production conditions
In this work the author investigated the cause of the structural stresses in the multilayer ceramic
shell of integrated circuits,arising due to the difference in coef . cient of linear expansion interlayer
conduction path having the shape of a cylinder and providing communication between the layers of a
multilayer boards and dielectric its foundation on the basis of aluminum oxide.Made microsections
of experimental specimens and made high-quality images.Defined a constructive factor influencing in the appearance under consideration of the defect, and is defined by its critical value,which contributes to the emergence of cracks around the interlayer conduction paths.
interlayer transition, crackle ceramic, inside cylindrical axisymmetric pore, structural stress.
Teterin I.M., Strakholis A.A., Oleynikov of V. T. Struktur of a radio communication network in a zone of elimination of emergency situations and carrying out a wrecking
The article describes the principle of the combined radio network,built on the basis of the use of
various forms of noise-like signals transmission with decoding them in a spin echo rocessor. The work of line is provided by the network in «point -a lot of points »and in «point to point »in the presented network. At the same time it collects data on the moving object in a controlled area. The structure of the subscriber station,in which the predetermined direction of the relationship is considered.
broadband connections,connection direction «point -a lot of points », connection direction «point to point », monitoring of mobile objects.
Volkov A.A., Kuzyukov V.A., Zhuravlyov О.Е.Способ restoration bending around at a klippirovanny speech signal
A method of recovering a clipped envelope of the speech signal by sampling it with integration time. To avoid distortion in the frequency of MS with a reduced envelope integrator output LPF connected via a differentiator in time.
restoration, envelope, clipped signal sampler, integrator, differentiator.
Issue of the magazine №3 for 2013
Dubov M. A., Priorov A.L. "Research reference and neetalonykh of methods of an assessment of probability of a bit mistake"
The comparative analysis of the classical methods of measuring the bit error rate (BER) is described. The non-measurement based (calculation based) method simulation results are shown too. It is proposed «blind» modification of this method to determine the BER by signal-to-noise measurement with high accuracy by a small bit frames.
signal-to-noise ratio, bit error rate, non-data-aided algorithm, measurement technique.
Yermolaev E.V., Skulkin N. M. "Structural tension in ceramic-metal cases of chips"
In this state discusses the mechanism and conditions for the formation of crystals in the glassy phase of ceramic materials. Is shown the assessment of the stresses occurring at the border of the crystalline formation of glass phase, when occur a change temperature of firing. Found the boundaries temperature range at which nucleate crystallization centers and observed allocating structural formations. Is shown photographs the crystallization of glass phase depending of the firing temperature.
ceramics, glassy phase, spheroid formations, crystallization, normal tension.
Kabachev D. S., V. N. Muraviev "Research of characteristics of antennas with the operated rotation of a vector of polarization"
We consider the results of studies obtained a group of authors in the study of the characteristics of antennas with controlled rotation of the polarization vector. The brief analysis used in this study methods for the numerical solution of Maxwell’s equations. The simulation of the propagation of electromagnetic waves by finite integrals. Obtain the basic parameters for specific types of antenna systems.
electromagnetic waves, polarization, polarization vector, antennas, numerical methods for solving equations.
Kislyakov M. A., Mosin S.G. "The automated synthesis of failure-safe structure of a wireless touch network"
The method of automated synthesis of fault-tolerant structure wireless sensor network is proposed. The algorithms for constructing the basic network structure are considered and the two algorithms for group placement of nodes, based on the use of Hilbert curves and the method of k-means, are proposed. The way to optimize the basic structure of the network is presented. A method of providing network resiliency using the Edmonds-Karp algorithm is proposed.
sensor network, automation, fault tolerance, resiliency, Hilbert curves, Edmonds-Karp algorithm.
Kochurov O. M., Kolesnik G. P., Gribakin V. S., Gribakin A.S. "Algorithm of control of the induction regulator"
The possibility of automation of induction control while increasing the accuracy of the test voltage. Based on the analysis voltage setting ostsilogrammy developed an algorithm for controlling the drive of the induction regulator controller-based ADAM-5510 by Advantech.
automatic station, induction regulator, stopway electromechanic, industrial controller, special software.
Romashov V. V., Hramov K.K. "Frequency planning of band shapers of radio signals with use of images of the main frequency of TsVS"
The algorithms for frequency planning of wide-band radio signal shapers, which are based on direct digital synthesizers (DDS) operating in either the main output frequency or its images, are considered.
signal shaping, direct digital synthesizer, frequency planning, images of DDS.
Chie Han Un, Shein A.B. "Method of the solution of the equations of a condition of electronic devices"
The main difficulty at the solution of the equations of a condition of electronic devices consists in finding of certain integrals at any entrance influences. The method of the solution of the equations of a condition of electronic devices is offered on the basis of approximation of function of external influences.
modeling of electronic devices, solution of the equations of a condition, approximation of external influences.
Tamm Yu.A., Spiridonov Yu.S. "A technique and the program of a choice of optimum topological provision of the main junctions in the territory of service of an infocommunication network"
The method of a choice of optimum topological position of the backbone network elements concerning the subscriber’s access is described. The example of its deployment of systems of super high-speed channels is resulted. For system of super high-speed channels of city type at minimization of cumulative distance of subscriber’s lines from stations of the access points to the nearest backbone network elements the optimum ratio of amount of network channels and channels on the basis of the allocated connecting lines is defined. The description of the computer program of a estimation of optimum position of backbone network elements in the specified territory is given.
network elements, network channel, allocated connecting line, topology, subscriber’s line.
Vachenko A.S. "Adaptation of a hypothesis of damping of Ishlinsky-Palmov for modeling of any dynamic influence in designs of radio-electronic means"
In the given work the question of a hypothesis of an internal friction Ishlinsky-Palmov for calculation damping is researched at transient loads. In article adaptation of a hypothesis Ishlinsky-Palmov which allows to simulate transient mechanical processes in radio electronic means by means of explicit distribution of dimensionless tensile strengths is offered.
hypothesis of damping, transient load, transient process, strength, simulink.
Issue of the magazine №2 for 2013
Bernyukov A.K. "Use of procedures of digital restriction for calculation of a vector of signs of the recognizable images"
This article considered with using digital limiters for spectral analyses of radio navigation disturbance the purpose of their detection. The expressions for switching functions describing the limitations above, below, and bilaterally in the determination of the parameters of the spectral functions of interference within the vector form recognition bandwidth and peak position. A proposed framework, implemented by hardware and software methods.
digital limiters, spectral analyses, spectra parameters.
V. N Bobrov. "The accounting of information resources of the gradient atmosphere at design of electronic control devices"
Contamination control of the surface layer of the gradient of the atmosphere electronically based on the use of information about the projection of the trajectory of an optical signal on a horizontal surface during the passage of the last of the gradient of the layer of the atmosphere. In calculating the information resources of the vertical structure of the gradients of meteorological elements, the absence of factors may reduce visibility. From the difference between the projections on the horizontal surface of the trajectories of observation in the real atmosphere and perfect electronic control count and give information on the amount of pollution.
meteorological values, the vertical profile, information resources, the refractive index, atmospheric pollution, electronic system controls.
S. V. Dushin "Research of possibility of decrease in influence of autocorrelated communications in an active signal on dynamics of adaptation of mutually correlation algorithm"
This article describes the means to decrease negative influence of autocorrelation function of input signal (active signal) on adaptation dynamics of correlation algorithm. The mechanism of this influence is analyzed. A method is suggested to decrease the negative influence; this method is based on dynamic variations of adaptation parameter. Results of research of the offered method are presented.
echo canceller, correlation algorithm, characteristic of a speech signal, active signal, dynamics of adaptation.
Dvoyesherstov M. Yu., S.E. Korshunov, Bosov S. I., Krasovitsky D. M. "Manufacturing techniques thin-film the akustoelektronykh of resonators on the basis of heteroepitaxial structures (0002) AlN/Si(111)"
The paper presents the workflows and operations of manufacturing of thin-film microwave acoustoelectronic single-frequency Bragg resonators based on heteroepitaxial structures (0002) AlN / Si (111), operating in the frequency range of 2 to 6,5 GHz.
acoustoelectronic resonator, SMR BAW, heteroepitaxial structures, manufacturing technology.
Pavlov D. D., Tatmyshevsky K.V., Paykov I.A., Zimin A.D. "A pilot study of the model of the distributed mechanoluminescent sensor of pulse pressure"
The article describes the experimental studies of the distributed mechanoluminescent sensor of pulse pressure layout. Tests were carried out on the specially created laboratory stand, the output signal was registered by a digital camera and transmitted to the personal computer for further processing. When processing of the received image was used software MatLab.
mechanoluminescence, sensor of pulse pressure, distributed sensor element.
Pozdnyakov V.A., Pozdnyakova L.V., Karpov I.V., D. S Korobov. "Features of correction of the complex transfer characteristic on a signal OFDM preamble"
Digital channel equalization that is based on OFDM preamble is under concern. Dependency between preamble length in symbols and probability of correct demodulation are shown.
OFDM, digital equalization, demodulation.
Sizonenko A.B. "A program digital source of noise on the basis of arithmetic ways of representation of Boolean functions"
The digital methods to generate noise with using of a Linear Feedback Shift Register are considered. The software generator of pseudo random sequence by calculator, oriented on performing arithmetic is suggested to use as a source of noise. The method of matrix computations values of Boolean functions, represented by a polynomial arithmetic, is modified. There is an example of a source of pseudo-random sequence.
active means protection of information, digital noise source, parallel logical computations, linear feedback shift register.
Smirnov A.A. "The generalized four parametrical law of distribution at an interference of two beams with a casual amplitude"
In clause the new generalized four-parametrical law of distribution is received. This law of distribution is observed at an interference of two beams with the casual amplitudes distributed under the four-parametrical law. Special cases of this law are received. It allows speaking about a class of new laws of the distribution describing strong fluctuations of wave fields.
the interference of the rays, the law of distribution, field fluctuations.
Tyurin S.F., Thunders O. A. "A technique of synthesis of the logical elements keeping basis at multiple refusals"
The article shows examples of fault-tolerant implementations of classical basis functions 2NAND and 2NOR. Variants of boolean function synthesis parried k-multiple constant failures are presented. The method for the synthesis of elements that preserve the functional completeness for k-multiple of the constant failures is offered. Estimates of the probability of failure-free operation of this implementation are discussed.
reliability, failure, fault, functionally complete tolerant element quadruple logic, triplicating, majorization, basis function.
Valov S.G., Likhachev N. I., Shavrin S. S. "Assessment of computing efficiency of implementation of the protocol of transport level"
The computation efficiency and methods to assess the implementation of the new transport protocol are being analyzed in comparison with the basic Berkeley Socket primitives. The advantage of the new protocol achieves 35 times over TCP and 27 times over UDP. Maximum computational efficiency has been achieved when the packet MTU is 1480 bytes.
protocol, transport protocol, networks, programming, performance evaluation.
Vorsin I.V., Dushkin A.V., Ishchuk I.N., Parfiryev A.V. "A method of decrease in a computing resource when processing dynamic IK-images"
The method of processing cuboid infrared image based on the mathematical model of unsteady heat transfer coefficient formulation containingtion of the inverse problem of heat conduction with implicit difference schemes. Shows the results of experimental studies.
treatment, implicit scheme, heat transfer, cuboid IR images, error.
Issue of the magazine №1 for 2013
Baranov A.V., Morugin S. L. "Features of classification of key amplifiers of power"
Based on a comparative analysis of eight types of class E changes and clarifications to the existing classification of key devices and its criteria. A new criterion for the classification of key devices, which is based on the simultaneous account of the behavior of both the idealized waveforms of current and voltage on the key, and load impedances of the key. Introduced the concept of «dual» and «dual inverted» (with respect to the source) device classes Eд and (Eинв)д.
class E, power amplifier, impedances of the key, dual device, classification.
Dushkin A.V., Isaev O. V., Skryl S.V., Scherbakov YU.V. "The solution of a problem of multicriteria optimization at design of a complex security system of objects"
Set of radio electronics, cameras, combined with the use of hardware and software system into a single unit is a set of technical means of protection and oversight, which, in turn, is characterized by the variety of options and placement. The paper shows the special solution of the multi-criteria optimization in the design of an integrated security system objects.
security system, optimization, efficiency, criterion.
Lantsov of V. N. Sostoyaniye in the field of methods of modeling of nonlinear VCh of electronic communication devices (Review). Part 2
This paper give an overview of the advanced methods of analysis, such as harmonic balance, shooting methods, mixed frequency-time methods, that are currently available for RF circuits simulation. In the first part, we focus on the fundamental methods of nonlinear RF circuit’s simulation, in the second part, we focus on publicized papers on last decade.
nonlinear circuits, methods of analysis, computer-aided design, harmonic balance, frequency domain, time domain.
Levin E.K. Adaptive compensation of a broadband radio noise
If the number of reflections of the broadband radio noise arriving on spatially carried antennas, is insignificant, it is possible to reduce complexity of the adaptive filters used at compensation. The expressions, allowing to define a vector of operating coefficients at adaptive compensation on the basis of Howells-Applebaum processor are received. Justice of the received expressions is confirmed with modeling.
broadband radio noise, reflections, adaptive compensation,control.
L.E. Mistrov, Litvinov O. V. Metod of justification of strategy of management of a resource of fire safety of difficult objects
A method is proposed study resource management strategies of fire safety of complex projects for fire with a given efficiency through optimal allocation of resources by means of individual and group fire safety. The method is based on the methods of sequencetion destination resource units, regulatory planning, branch and bound.
Key words: fire safety, system, strategy, management, test, measure, efficienc
Ulyanova E.V., Polushin P. A., Smirnov E.A. "Algorithms of an assessment of characteristics of an intersymbolical interference of digital signals in multibeam channels"
Two algorithms of estimation of parameters of multipath channels without using of special test signals are proposed and described. They are needed for decreasing of intersymbol interference of digital signals.
digital signal, multipath channel, inter-symbol distortion, interference, algoritm, parameter estimation.
Pozdnyakov V.A., Karpov I.V. "Temporary synchronization and adaptive definition are long a cyclic prefix in OFDM communication channel"
The algorithm of time synchronization in OFDM channel, which feature is synchronization to the point in the middle of cyclic prefix, is under concern. Also determination of cyclic prefix length is under concern.
time synchronization, cyclic prefix, OFDM.
Alshraydakh A.M., Samoylov A.G. "Verification of devices of noiseproof coding"
The scheme of measuring system to measure the effectiveness of digital devices, error-correcting coding of information in the communication channels. Verified codecs offered to carry out a specific simulated communication channel with parameters appropriate real noise conditions.
codec, verification, the simulator channel, interference.
Sbitnev S. A., Molochkov S. A. "The electronic equipment and innovative technologies for electroenergy saving"
Electronic devices and innovative technologies for energy saving. In this paper the implementation problems of innovative technologies and electronic devices in the energy-effective distribution power grids are discussed. Wide functional capabilities of the intelligent information and measuring systems of the energy accounting are introduced, as well as different data transmission and data logging scenarios.
Key words: information and measuring systems, energy saving, energy meter, controller.
Zhigalov I.E. "Circuitry approach to modeling of electromechanical systems"
The possibility of adapting the subsystem circuit simulation of electronic devices for the analysis of electromechanical systems that include both electronic and mechanical components. Developed equivalent circuit electromechanical devices.
electronic-mechanical devices, computed-aided design of electronic circuits, equivalent circuits.